Choose four fallacies and explain why they can be persuasive and appear to be logical. Give examples.
1. APPEAL TO AUTHORITY: Often at times, people embrace the beliefs of people in authority, like famous actors, athletes and so on without the understanding that these people in positions of authority do not necessarily have the expertise to put them in position to advise. And so, not minding this, we as consumers of products accept what the person in authority stands for. An example is when an athlete becomes the official spokesperson for a beer company. People tend to drink the same beer the person in authority is drinking in the advert because they believe if the athlete is drinking this beer, then it must be good. People in authority influence some of our thinking and decision making. But that does mean what is good for them is good for us.
2. BANDWAGON: This fallacy of accepting others’ opinion; people want to do what the majority are doing not because it is the right thing to do based on rational thinking, but because it is what a famous group is doing, therefore it must be right. An example was when I was younger, a particular purse was advertised and almost every kid at school had it, I did not feel good being different from other children. So, I cried my eyes out till my parents bought me the same purse. Having the purse made me feel like I belonged to the famous group at school and I liked it. But the truth is as an adult, I know better not to do what everyone is doing just because they are doing it. Everyone is doing it, does not mean it is the right thing to do. I have my own mind to critically rationalize my decisions based on important reasoning now as an adult.
3. APPEAL TO PITY: I have experienced a lot of this fallacy thinking. Reasons to support the conclusion might be true in most cases, but are usually not relevant to the conclusion....