Bedside nursing handover: A case study
1. Purpose of the study:
The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the structures, processes, and perceptions of the outcomes of bedside handovers in nursing practice.
2. Research design:
The authors used a descriptive case study which is a methodological approach that can use a number of different methods to conduct an instrumental investigation that is bounded by place and time. Case study research asks questions of ‘what’, ‘why’, and ‘how’ in a non controlled or non artificial environment to analyse existing, real life situations with all their complexity
3. Sampling technique and characteristics of the sample:
The study involved three wards in two hospitals in Australia, thus six wards where ultimately included. Wards that where included where medical, surgical and rehabilitation wards. Team leaders, shift coordinators, nursing managers, and educators where the focus of the study in which all participants gave their consent. A total of 32 female participants where interviewed from both hospitals. No male participants where included. From these participants seven where under the age of 30, ten between the age of 30 and 40, eleven between the age of 40 and 50 and six where aged over 50. with regards to nursing classifications, from the 32 participants, 7 where enrolled nurses, 15 where level 1 registered nurses, 7 where level 2 registered nurses and 5 where level three nurses. Only 16 out of the 32 participants where employed on a full-time basis. Overall the participants had an average of 13.1 years experience. In one hospital, team nursing was used and bedside nursing handover had been used for over one year. In the other hospital a variety of nursing models were used and bedside nursing handover had just been instituted, superseding verbal handover in a staff room.