Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17; in 1706.He was the tenth son of a soap maker. He received a bit of education from school, but was mainly self-taught. After working as an apprentice for his father for two years, he worked for his half-brother James, who was a printer. In 1721, they founded the New England Courant, the fourth newspaper in the colonies. Benjamin secretly wrote 14 essays for it, his first published writings.
In 1723, due to disagreements with his half-brother, Franklin fled to Philadelphia, where he was able to find employment as a printer. He spent one year there and then sailed to London for two years. After his return to Philadelphia, he rose gallantly in the printing industry. He published The Pennsylvania Gazette (1730-48). His most successful literary venture was the annual Poor Richard’s Almanac (1733-58). It gained popularity in the colonies, and its name spread to Europe.
In 1730, Franklin got married to Deborah Read, who was on a schedule to give him a son and a daughter, and he, also, had children with another unknown woman out of wedlock. By 1748, he was financially independent and got recognition for his philanthropy and the efforts he made to public causes like libraries, educational institutions, and hospitals. He,also, made time to pursue his interest in science, as well as to enter politics.
Franklin worked as a clerk (1736-51) and a member (1751-64) of the colonial legislature and as deputy postmaster of Philadelphia (1737-53) and deputy postmaster general of the colonies (1753-74). Plus, he represented Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress (1754), rallied to unite the colonies during the French and Indian War. The congress accepted his "Plan of Union," but the colonial assemblies dismissed it because it interfered with their powers.
For 16 years, Franklin lived in England, originally as the...