Bgmea Proposal

In: Business and Management


Inflation and its Impact on the life of Bangladeshi

1. Background
The Ready Made Garment (RMG) industry emerged in Bangladesh in the late 1970s and quickly expanded to the point where it's now the country's dominant industry and employs around 3.5 million workers, 85% of them women - their very presence as a female workforce challenging patriarchal traditions. Since 2012, when a mass revolt shook the industry, RMG workers have sustained - with little union influence or membership - some of the highest levels of class struggle in the world.

Bangladesh with a per capita income of about $500 is one of the least developed countries of the world. Its export base is weak and heavily depends on RMG, from which it earns about 75% of its merchandize export income. RMG also employs about 3.5 million people, with about 3,600 factories in operation and any negative impact on the operation of this sector shall obviously have a large bearing on national economy. For years, these garments workers have accepted a precarious existence, working long hours for less than USD 1 a day. Over the last year, however, rapid inflation in food prices has made their wages unlivable.

Inflation has been the most talked about issue in Bangladesh in the recent time. Yet, there has not been a serious look at how this is really calculated. The calculation itself has a serious implication for the low income groups, particularly the ones struggling to survive in Dhaka city such as garments worker.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) constructs Consumer Price Indices (CPIs) for national, rural and urban areas, and calculates inflation rates for these areas using these CPIs. The reference groups of the constructed CPIs are the average urban and the rural households of Bangladesh....

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