The Bottled Water Industry and Its Impacts on Our Environment and Health Comparing with Tap Water in North America
The world nowadays has a rapid increase in population, thus it leads to a drastic demand for water resources. However, in reality, there is only 2.5% of the Earth’s water is freshwater, and 98.8% of them is still in ice and groundwater (Peter H. Gleic, 1993). The water resources are distributed unevenly due to the geographic locations. There are about 884 million people do not have access to clean and safe water. (World Health Organization, 2012).
At the meantime, studies shows that limited availability of safe drinking water, and growing awareness among people to safeguard their health using bottled water, the bottled water industries boomed over those developed countries (Anisur Rahman, 2007). From 2001 to 2011, the United States alone had produced 5,185.3 millions of gallons of water to 9,107.3 millions of gallons of water, and had an increasing revenues from 6,808.4 millions of dollars to 11,083.8 millions of dollars (Beverage Marketing Corporation, 2006). As the bottled water market grows mature, it accounts for 1% of total GDP of the United States and Canada respectively in 2011.
This paper is aimed at critically examining the overall bottled water production and its side effects on human health and environment in North America. It is organized as follows: it discusses where the water from and how it was processed and its affects on health, and government regulations and standards, plus the general energy consumption brought by the production line; then it explores how the used bottles are recycled and disposed; finally it compares the overall quality between bottled water and tab water, and the standards between them.
Macroeconomic Approach – The Bottled Water Industry
As more and more bottled water company try to...