Child Development Observation (Infant) |
Introduction to Early Child Development |
Instructor: Kathrine Palichuk |
Dawn Freeman |
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Each child will go through the same developmental process, varying in time and order. During prenatal development the fetus is dependent on the mother to provide the child with a healthy environment to help promote the proper physical development of the unborn child. Healthy development of a child begins at conception. As the fetus grows and develops senses, organs, and brain function, the mother’s lifestyle controls the quality of development in all of the important areas. (Groark, McCarthy, & Afton, 2014)
Physical and motor development
The infant’s head is heavier than the rest of their body and they are unable to have any control over its movement; of course the does not mean the head does not move but that the movement is only a reflex.
The infant at this stage in development has natural reflexes: Moro or startle reflex, which is the sudden extension of arms and legs, head, jerks back and newborn may often gasp in air and cry out. This reflex is often seen when child is surprised by a loud sound or sudden movement. (Groark, McCarthy, & Afton, 2014)
Rooting reflex is the natural reflex to nurse; infant will instinctively move towards the breast when cheek or any vicinity around the mouth is touched or stroked.
There are the sucking, Babinski, tonic, grasp and truncal incurvation reflexes that involve the newborn sucking rhythmically (although this starts off a reflex the infant will suck voluntarily by the time they are two months), feet moving in a stepping or...