Child Labor in America

Child Labor in America


Child Labor Laws

Shane T. Martin

Doctor Aaron Bazzoli

Park University Internet Campus

A course paper presented to the School of Arts and Sciences and Distance Learning

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of


Business Law I

Park University

December 2012
    - Introduction
    - Early America
        o Placed children were employed
        o Agricultural jobs
        o Lack of safety standards
        o Lost educational opportunities
    - Opposition
        o 1900 Census report opened America’s eyes
        o National Consumers League started campaigning for children’s rights
        o National Child Labor Committee formed in 1904
    - Laws Regarding
        o Problem too pervasive to “law down”
        o Federal regulation needed to prevent employers from taking business across state lines
        o Beveridge and Parsons introduce legislation in 1906
              ▪ Debated but not put into law
        o Many tries by Congress but no laws that stuck
        o Roosevelt elected
              ▪ National Industrial Recovery Act passed in 1933.
                    • Banned industrial homework and eliminated child labor
                    • Ruled unconstitutional in 1935
              ▪ Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
                    • Ruled unconstituational
              ▪ Walsh-Healey Act required government restrict their purchases to companies that did not utilize child labor
              ▪ Fair Labor Standard Act of 1938
                    • Established ages and hours in which a child can legally work
                    • Enforcement of law difficult
    - Conclusion

      Child labor is defined as “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.”   (ILO, 2012)   Throughout American history child labor has existed for many different...

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