PSY 390 - Learning and Cognition
XXXXX XX, 2012
Classical conditioning is a form of behavioral learning and was first introduced when Ivan Pavlov stumbled upon it by accident when he was studying the physiology of digestion in dogs. He noticed that the dogs would not just begin salivating when the meat powder was introduced, but when the person responsible for feeding them would enter the room. Behaviorism is a school of thought in psychology based on the assumption that learning occurs through interactions with the environment (Cherry, 2012). Classical conditioning is when two stimuli are presented in close succession repeatedly, until the response given to one becomes associated with the other. An example of this was when Pavlov introduced the bell right before he brought the dogs food i.e. unconditioned stimulus, it would cause an automatic reaction or unconditioned response. The bell would be the conditioned stimulus or neutral stimulus. When paired together, the US and the CS would cause CR or conditioned response.
In the scenario I have chosen, I will prepare a chart outlining how I will train my dog to sit through classical conditioning. As it stands now, he does not sit immediately on command; it takes several attempts of saying the word sit in order to get him to complete this task. He is currently conditioned to only sit after I have repeated the word sit several times and he receives no praise or treat after the task is completed. I will attempt to change his behavior by making eye contact with him when I want him to sit and introducing praise and a treat immediately after he has finished and hope to eliminate the repeated commands and replace it with one time.
Currently my dog does not know how to sit on command. He simply gets a treat every morning when I...