Cleopatra VII Philopator was a striking and well-witted pharaoh of vast ancient Egypt. One of the six women rulers of Egypt, she led the country well and gained powerful alliances with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar, who were in fact two of her four spouses. Egypt was prosperous and thriving under her reign. Cleopatra VII was known to history for her voluptuous beauty, outrageous affairs, and- most memorably- being the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt.
Cleopatra was born Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator to King Ptolemy XII Auletes and Cleopatra V Tryphaena sometime in October of 69 BC. She had several brothers and sisters, including Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy XIV, both of which she married as per the traditional Egyptian custom, and Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who attempted to poison her younger sister, Cleopatra VII. Prior to Cleopatra’s mother and father departing to Rome, Cleopatra VI took over the throne, but died shortly afterwards, leaving the title of pharaoh to the young eighteen year-old Cleopatra and ten year-old Ptolemy. Although Ptolemy and she were a joint heir, Cleopatra made it clear that she did not intend on sharing the power with him. Ptolemy soon become conscious of Cleopatra’s intent and banished his wife and sister from Egypt.
In attempt to gain alliance with Rome, thirteen year-old Ptolemy XII beheaded who he believed to be an enemy of Julius Caesar, but his assumptions were brutally incorrect. To punish Ptolemy, Caesar took over the Egyptian capital and declared himself arbitrator between Ptolemy and Cleopatra’s rivaling feud.
Cleopatra decided to take advantage of Caesar’s resentment towards Ptolemy, and had discreetly snuck her way into the palace to meet with Caesar. She shortly afterwards became his mistress, and in 47 BC gave birth to Ptolemy Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion. Ptolemy XII’s army was eventually conquered by Julius Caesar’s, and...