Diversity as an Internal Factor Affecting the Functions of Management
Diversity as an Internal Factor Affecting the Functions of ManagementAn organization utilizes a number of resources in order to obtain efficiency and to reach set objectives and goals. Internal and external factors affect the four functions of management and if approached successfully can lead to productivity and accomplishment of organizational goals. An internal factor that influences the four functions of management is diversity. Diversity or demographics represents age, ethnicity, race, gender, education, skill sets, and more (Bateman & Snell, p. 53, 2011). Laws and restrictions are set in place to ensure organizations incorporate a diverse workforce to avoid discrimination and to allow for a varied group of employees who add individual skills and knowledge to business objectives. An organization can be successful if they adapt to diversity and utilize a diverse workforce in order to obtain set objectives and goals.
Diversity as an internal factor can affect the four functions of management. The four functions of management include planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Employing a diverse group of employees can be utilized in the first function of management. Planning is used by management to identify resources and make decisions about how groups or units within an organization will carry out job functions to reach organizational goals (Bateman & Snell, 2011). Resources include employees and each employee will have different educational and skill sets. Utilizing the internal factor of diversity, management can organize teams or units using a diverse set of employees.
The second function of management that diversity affects is organizing. It is apparent how this function of management can be affected by diversity. By organizing employees into groups, teams, and units an organization is establishing workgroups that will be given plans of action to achieve business goals. Studies have shown that diverse teams and groups are more innovative and effective because of the different skill sets each...