Diverticulitis EssayDIVERTICULITIS Essay
HISTORY- EPIDEMIOLOGY: Diverticulitis is an intestinal inflammation occurring as a complication to the disorder of diverticulosis. The global epidemiology is associated with the western culture diet, being far more common in industrialized countries like the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom, and much less prevalent in Asia and Africa. These two conditions were rare in the 18th century and appear to be linked to the reduction of fiber in flour due to the development of roller mills that replaced grist mills in the late 1800’s. Roller mills were a more efficient method of refining wheat into flour; however this resulted in the destroying or removal of most of the fiber from the grain. This type of flour absent of fiber became the staple of most flour products from that time forward. Another theory on the advent of these two conditions was a change in consumption to increased refined sugar and meats in western diets during the same time period.
SYMPTOMS: The majority of people with diverticulosis will have no symptoms and will not require any treatment. If the condition is symptomatic, cramping and abdominal pain, typically in the lower left abdomen, within the large intestines or colon can occur. When diverticulitis develops due to material in the divertulum, the inflammation or infection may produce inflamed areas which can result in pus or abscesses which can rupture and cause high fever. Other symptoms may be constipation and bowel obstruction. Also, bright red or dark colored blood in stools can occur as a result of diverticular bleeding when a blood vessel inside the diverticulum becomes exposed as a result of tissue degradation, abrasion or internal pressure of constipation, or straining during passing stools. Blood clots may be visible in stools without having symptoms of abdominal pain. If the bleeding is continuous or severe, blood pressure may drop causing weakness, dizziness, shock or unconsciousness....