Understanding ethics and morality when referencing the similarities and differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics can be quite troublesome, thus, makes an individual morality and ethics contribution to decision making. Ethics is the guideline on how people should live, acknowledgement of right from wrong, fulfillment of moral obligations, and promote equality. Morality is the “conformity to the rules of right conduct; moral or virtuous conduct” (Morality, N.D., 2014). Although there are some similarities to virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics the differences give a more precise explanation how each theory accost ethics and morality. Virtue theory expresses its views that an individual should strive for excellence in all that a person encounters and promote peer excellence. Virtue theory describes the confidence of being moral and non-moral (Boylan, 2009). Aristotle, Plato, and Aquinas founded the theories. According to Boylan (2009), Aristotle answers “every art and every methodological investigation and every action seems to aim at some good, for this reason the good is rightly said to be that to which all things aim” (pg. 135). Aristotle went on to proclaim that morality is doing the right thing even when no one is looking, but it also contributes to noble living (Boylan, 2009). Virtue ethics is described as being content or having a sense of well-being” (pg. 137). Utilitarianism is an ethical doctrine that says virtue is based on utility and personal conduct should be geared toward advocating extreme happiness in the highest amount of individuals.
Utilitarianism is a moral theory founded by Jeremy Bentham during the Victorian era. He considered the need for society to rely on reason rather than metaphysics. The...