Examination of Clinical Psychology
Examination of Clinical PsychologyExamination of Clinical Psychology
Clinical psychology has an important history in psychology. The history begins with early Greek Philosophers, Sigmund Freud, and continues in modern psychology. Clinical psychology is deprived from philosophy, science, and many other realms. The scientific aspect of clinical psychology continues to alter and evolve leaving clinical psychology evolving as well. There are clear distinctions between clinical psychology and other disciplines, but they all have the same goal of helping individuals.
History of Clinical Psychology
There are many aspects and events that lead to the progression of clinical psychology. In earlier times the Greeks realized that the mind and body both influence relationships on individuals dealing with illnesses. Plato, Hippocrates, and Aristotle grew upon this theory. They believed that an individuals body was incontrol by his or her soul, and that illness were caused from problems within the soul (Plante, 2011). The middle ages focused that physical and mental issues meant that the individuals had issues of the soul. The Renaissance period brought upon the scientific approach, that scientific experimentation and observation were evident rather than what was thought to be from spiritual thoughts (Plante, 2011). Sigmund Freud had an increase understanding of the mind and body connection. Freud believed that the unconscious mind had an influence on the individual’s wellbeing (Parsons, 1958). Freud’s theories and his way of thinking inspired the central thought of clinical psychology (Brown, 1940).Psychology in general was established in 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt developed the first laboratory, and the William James’ Principles of Psychology. In 1896 Witmer opened a clinic for psychological principles concerning human ailment (Plante, 2011). a large role in psychology began with the World Wars, with the psychometric assessments and services to the veterans with psychiatric hospitalization. George Engel...