Explain How Managers Can Use Motivation Theories to Influence the Behaviour of People in Organizations.

Explain How Managers Can Use Motivation Theories to Influence the Behaviour of People in Organizations.

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Explain how managers can use motivation theories to influence the behaviour of people in organizations.

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Table of Content

Page

Introduction 4

The meaning of motivation 6

Theories of motivation

The Need or Content Theories of motivation

Abraham Harold Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 8

Douglas Mc Gregor’s Theory X and Theory Y 12

Frederick Herzberg’s Motivator Hygiene Theory 15

David McClelland’s Acquired-Needs Theory 17

The Process or Cognitive Theories of Motivation

Victor H. Vroom’s Expectancy Theory (The VIE Theory) 20

The Reinforcement Theory 23

Conclusion 26

Bibliography 28

Introduction

Understanding people’s perceptions, attitudes, motivations and behaviours is extremely important for achieving both managerial and organisational effectiveness. To get the very best out of people in work settings, managers constantly need knowledge about the behaviour of individuals and groups in organisations; they also need to be aware of the organisational and environmental variables that can potentially affect human behaviour. They need to understand, anticipate, modify and improve behaviours that are organizationally meaningful and relevant.

The contribution of people, through their motivation and commitment, and dedicated behaviour towards the goals and objectives of the organisation, remain the single most important factor in making organisations better and more effective.

Some people like their jobs and work harder as well as smarter. They are also very proud of the organizations for which they work. Other people simply dislike their jobs and would do anything just to avoid working. They would also prefer, if given the choice, to leave the...

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