Factors Affecting Academic Performance

Factors Affecting Academic Performance

Abstract The study intends to assess difference in the performance of students at school and university levels and estimates the change in perception of students about contribution of family, teachers, and self- efforts in academic achievements. Primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire from final year students of engineering departments of universities of Lahore. The statistics are computed by comparing grades and perceptions of contributing factors of sampled students. The study finds significant difference between university and school levels regarding performance of students. Drastic change in the perception of students about the share of family, teachers, and self- efforts in performance is also observed.
Introduction There are two main objectives of this report; first, to estimate the change in the performance of
students at two distinct levels; school and university, second, to assess the change in the perception
of students about role of contributing factors in their academic achievements.

Before the initiation of the survey, a focus group of students of engineering departments of different universities was conducted to assess the most significant factors. In focus group, students identified following factors, which had a significant effect on their academic achievements:
1-Family support (moral and economic)
2-Teachers (teacher’s skill, qualification, guidance etc.)
3-Students’ self profile (self-efficacy, commitment level, self-discipline, life objectives etc

Literature provides a number of reports, which have successfully developed an association between
performance of students and role of different factors. The most common factors are family, teacher,
school environment, and personal profile of the students (Diaz, 2003; Gianzero, 1999; Hijaz and
Naqvi, 2006). As put forward by Hijaz and Naqvi, there are many ways to weigh up different
factors, which can affect performance of students. It is most likely, that there is...

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