French Grammar Lesson 1

French Grammar Lesson 1

Unit 1, Lesson 1
A) Prononciation
When speaking French some letter are not sounded out and are considered silent letters.   The first letter is “H”.   An example would be the word Henri.   It would pronounced as if spelled “enri”.   The final “e” in a word would also be silent such as Louise would be   pronounced “Louis”.   Next is the final “s” such as Louis.   It would be pronounced “Loui”.   Other final consonants that would also be silent such “Richard” would be pronounced “Richar” or “Margot” would be pronounced “Margo”.   The exceptions would be words ending in c,k, f, l, and sometimes r.   Examples of these words would be Marc, Patrick, Michel, actif, Victor and bonjour.   The letters at the end of these words would be pronounced.
B) Les Nombres de 0 `a 12 numbers 0-12
0=ze’ro
1=un
2=deux
3=trois
4=quatre
5=cing
6=six
7=sept
8=huit
9=neuf
10=dix
11=onze
12=douze
C) L’alphabet Francais   The French Alphabet
A=a
B=be’
C=ce’
D=de’
E=e
F=effe
G=ge’
H=ache
I=i
J=ji
K=ka
L=elle
M=emme
N=enne
O=o
P=pe’
Q=ku
R=erre
S=esse
T=te’
U=u
V=ve’
W=double ve’
X= ixe
Y=i grec
Z=z`ede
d) Les signes orthographiques or spelling marks
In the French language they use accents and spelling marks that we do not use in the English language.   The marks are part of the spelling of the word and cannot be left out.  
Examples: l’accent aigu=acute accent   Me’lanie
  L’accent grave=grave accent   H`elene
L’accent corconflexe=circumflex   Ho^tel
    Le Tre’me =dieresis Noel (two dots over the O)
La c’edille=cedilla   Francois (a tail under the letter c)
E) L’Heure= Time in hours
Remember that number and word “heure” are pronounced together during pronunciation.  
Quelle heure est-il?=what time is it?
II est…=It is…
Du matin=in the morning
De l’apr`es-midi=in the afternoon
Du soir=in the evening

F) vowels in French
Even though some words are spelled the same way in French as they are in English they are not pronounced the same.   In the...

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