Future Correctional Problem S
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Future Correctional Problem SCorrectional Philosophies and Increasing Correctional Population
In society, the philosophy of sending a person to prison has drastically changed. The criminal
justice system has put much emphasis on how it looks at people who commit criminal acts
against other people. The future correctional philosophies associated with increasing
correctional population are as follows: rehabilitation, retribution, restoration, deterrence, and
incapacitation (Johnson, 2005).
For years, researchers have looked upon rehabilitation as the answer to cut down on the
number of people who return to prison. Unfortunately, the so-called rehabilitation programs
have become ineffective, and caused the recidivism rate to increase. Over the years, society has
formed the mentality that nothing works to change criminals and their acts. The reason that most
rehabilitation programs do not work are because of poor funding, poor teachers, and poor
performance. There are many factors that cause the rehabilitation of prisoners to return to prison.
For instance, prisoners seem to return to prison when they are increased monitoring, referrals,
and management toward them (Bacik, nd).
Retribution has been linked to increasing correction population because of its mentality
toward people who commit crimes. Society believes that when a person commits a crime, he or
she should be put into prison. When this happens, there will be an increase in the number of
people in the prison system. Retribution is focused primarily on the crime, not the criminal.
Society believes that when a person commits a criminal act, that person should be sentenced to
the conditions and duration of a prison sentence. Researchers believes that ever retribution is a
key factor of overcrowding because of the principle that every person who commits a felon
should be sent to prison (Evans, 1999).