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 1521- 1898

 Before the Spaniard founding of the Philippines; the Islands were called "LUZVIMINDA BORNEO" (Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao and Borneo) a full name of a woman which is derived from the 3 biggest island of the country; Luzon , Visayas, Mindanao and the North Borneo or (Sabah). The Luzviminda Borneo is also know as "Pearl of the Orient" or Perlas ng Silangan. The name Philippines is only given as official name of the country by the Governador General to honor his king of Spain Philip and they called Philippians and then into Philippines.

 Prior to Spanish colonization, Filipinos during those times were that previously had been composed by independent kingdoms and communities, pushing back south the advancing Islamic forces and creating the first draft of the nation that was to be known as the Philippines.


 First arrival of western Europeans was the Spanish expedition led by Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan for a reason so as to reach the Spice Islands via South America and to gain exclusive European rights to spices.

 Landed at the small uninhabited island of Homonhon at the mouth of Leyte Gulf.


 He sought friendship among natives beginning with rajah Humabon, and he took special pride in coverting them to Catholicism.

 Magellan was killed by Lapu-lapu, chieftain of Mactan , in the Battle of Mactan.


 Spanish colonization and settlement began with the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi's expedition on February 13, 1565 who established the first permanent settlement of San Miguel on the island of Cebu.[4] The expedition continued northward reaching the bay of Manila on the island of Luzon on June 24, 1571,[5] where they established a new town and thus began an era of Spanish colonization that lasted for more than three centuries.

 With the claim of Ferdinand Magellan of the Philippines for Spain in 1521, for the next 377 years, the islands were under Spanish rule. This period was the era of conversion to Roman Catholicism....

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