Chapter Seven: Sikhism
Page 172: Answer the Following Questions
1. Discuss Sikhism as a syncretism between Hinduism and Islam. Which features has it taken from each religion?
Scholars account the development from context of a conversation amongst Hinduism and Islamic mysticism. The worldview is taken from Hinduism and the oneness of god impacted the Sikhs and their literature.
2. What factors worked to turn the pacific movement of Nanak into the warrior caste of later Sikhism?
The torture and death of Arjan and execution of Singh.
3. List the three major sects of Sikhism. What are the major characteristics of each?
Udasis- order of holy men who follow the rules and principles that govern Hindu, Janism, and Buddhism. Sahajdharis- conservative and slowgoing, reject militant characteristics. Singhs- theology of reincarnation, non use of stimulants long hair on heads and faces.
Chapter Eight: Chinese Religions
Page 203: Answer the Following Questions
1. Are Taoism and Confucianism truly religions? Argue both sides.
They are truly religions because they embody the concept of religion. Taoism cannot be classified as a religion with certain doctrines and practices but it has been converted to one with prescence of gods, temples, priests, and sacrifices. Confucianism is more of a philosophy of the Chinese people and has no sacred writings priesthood etc. but it has affected Chinese character and created cultic development.
2. Describe the Chinese concept of the yin and yang as a unifying explanation for the universe.
A positive and negative force in nature. All nature, humankind, and events are a combination of both forces and when the forces are harmoniously combined life is the way it should be.
3. How could the hexagrams of the I Ching be viewed as a means of divination? How could they be seen as having personality and wisdom of their...