• How Does Sentencing Affect the State and Federal Corrections Systems Overall

• How Does Sentencing Affect the State and Federal Corrections Systems Overall

Once a person has either pleaded guilty or has been found guilty of a crime a judge must determine a sentence that they must receive. Sentencing is imposing a criminal sanction by a judicial authority. Each year there are thousands of criminals that appear before a judge or judges to be sentenced for their crimes committed. Sentencing descriptions are primarily for felony offenses, or those that are punishable by less than one year of incarceration. Mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws and sentencing guidelines frequently require specific sentences, with little consideration of personal factors regarding offenders, their crimes, and victims.   The state and federal court system have similar and different objectives of punishment. The state and federal corrections system are affected as a system overall. There is a correlation between determinate and indeterminate sentencing when sentencing a criminal offender in the judicial process.
Indeterminate and determinate sentences are the two primary models used throughout the united states. Indeterminate sentences blend the decision by the sentencing judge and a later decision by a relesase authority to determine the actual time served. During the time of sentencing the judge sentences offenders to indeterminate sentences , with a minimum and maximum amount of time to be served. After the offender serves the minimum amount of time he or she is eligible for release by the parole board. The offender may serve the maximum sentence if the parole board does not grant an early release.   About 72 percent of all prisoners were released on parole.
Determinate sentences are sentences of fixed terms. The offenders are only eligible for relase following the completion of the time that was sentenced to them by the appointed judge of their case. Determinate sentences are not reviewed by any parole board and offenders are not allowed to be released early. When the offenders complete their sentence terms they are then...

View Full Essay