Joseph Stalin (Dzhugashvili) (1878 - 1953) - political, military leader, General Secretary of the Communist Party, head of the Soviet government. Was born on December 6, in the Georgian city of Gori in a poor family.
There he studied in a religious school, then in Orthodox school in Tbilisi. Like Lenin, Stalin was one of the employees of the newspaper "Pravda". After his work "Marxism and the National Question", Lenin saw Stalin as helper in the solving of Bolshevik problems.
From 1908 to 1910 Stalin was in exile in the town Solvychegodsk, and from 1913 to 1917 - in the village Kureyka. As a result of the February Revolution he became one of the leaders of the Central Committee, and after the October - he was appointed as Commissar for Nationalities.
During the Civil War, Stalin was ordered to look after economic affairs in southern provinces. In 1922 he was elected as a General Secretary of the Central Committee. When Lenin refused from politics, power actually went to the Politburo (consisting of - Stalin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Tomsk, Bukharin).
At the XIII Congress of the Russian Communist Party, Stalin resigned, but by the decision of the majority he stayed. After taking over the power Stalin adopted a policy of collectivization, industrialization. Then began the cult of Stalin. Economic development was going according to the plan - Stalin was resurrecting heavy industry. At that time the collective farms were formed, there was cannibalization. As a result of this policy 20 million people died.
During the WWII, Stalin have been combined as Chairman of the Defense Committee, the Supreme Commander, the People's Commissar of Defense. After the war, he suppressed the nationalist movement, the Soviet ideology was gaining its positions.
Overall, he was married twice. Had two sons, Jacob and Vasily Stalin. Stalin's daughter Svetlana emigrated...