Long-Term Operational Changes

Long-Term Operational Changes

1. Determine whether each of the following is primarily a microeconomic or a macroeconomic issue:

  i. Setting the price for a cup of coffee.
micro

  ii. Measuring the impact of tax policies on total household spending in the economy
micro

  iii. A household’s decision regarding whether or not to go on vacation

micro
  iv. A worker’s decision regarding which job to accept

miro
  v. Designing government policies to address issues with the social security program

macro
2. Determine whether each of the following is a positive or normative economic statement.
  i. A 40-cent-per-pack tax on cigarettes will reduce teenage smoking by 10 percent.

  ii. The federal government should spend more on diabetes research.

  iii. Rising paper prices will increase book prices.

  iv. The price of bagels at Bruegger’s is too high.

3.   Determine whether each of the following would cause the United State’s PPF to shift inward, outward, or not at all:

      i. A decrease in the average length of annual vacations



      ii. An increase in immigration of foreign workers to the U.S.



      iii. An increase in the average retirement age



      iv. The migration of skilled workers to Europe



4.   Determine whether each of the following would increase or decrease the opportunity costs for stay-at-home moms or dads (those who choose not to accept work outside the home). Briefly explain your answers.

a. Higher unemployment rates.



b. Lower average wages.



c. Higher demand for labor.



d.   Lower income tax rates on wages earned.

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