Models of Organized Crime
In: Social Issues
Models of Organized CrimeModels of Organized Crime Executive Summary
In this paper, comparisons will be made between bureaucratic and patron-client organizations. In addition, the similarities and differences between the models of organized crime will be examined. The models of organized crime will be analyzed for their importance in the understanding of criminal organizations.
The differences between bureaucratic and patron-client organizations are visible as bureaucratic deals with offices that do things by the law. They do not take extensive training in customer service and do not concentrate on being nice. The offices that are being referred to are government offices such as Welfare, DMV, and Section 8. In contrast, patron-client facilities are offices or places that focus upon pleasing their clients because if they don’t, the patron will go to another facility to get their needs met. This brings us to the similarities and differences of the models of organized crime.
According to Lyman (2007) there are three theories of organized crime that help in the understanding of criminal organizations. The first theory is the Alien Conspiracy theory, which blames outside influences and outsiders for the rise of organized crime in American society. Second, the Rational Choice theory is when a person weighs the pros and cons of living a certain lifestyle; in addition they also know what the consequences of their actions are as well. Finally, the deterrence theory is one that believes that putting large punishments and fear in place to make criminals think about the consequences before they commit a crime. There are also other theories such as the Learning theory, which is when an individual has the attitude, values, and morality of a criminal and uses these tools to have a criminal career. In addition, social disorganization links the reason for criminality to the environment from which a person comes. Poverty, low employment, parenting...