Motivational Plan Essay
Grand Canyon University: EDA 575
July 6, 2011
Motivation is giving somebody a reason or incentive to do something. It can be intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is focused by an awareness or satisfaction in the task itself and usually occurs within the person rather than relying on external force. Extrinsic motivation is from outside the individual. Some common extrinsic motivators are rewards or punishments like evaluations or money, pressure, and threat of reprimand. The key to a school’s success is the motivation of the staff. It is clear that schools need motivation plans that inspire, provide anticipated incentives, and keep the staff involved in the process and results of the school plan. A successful leader needs to understand and be able to use the tool that motivates each member of their staff. The following motivational theories will help in creating a motivation plan for my school.
Self-determination theory states that a person’s level of independence is determined by the fulfillment of three essential psychological needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness (Bachman & Stewart, 2011, p. 183) Autonomy refers to being the foundation of one’s own actions and achieving equivalence between the activity and their own cohesive sense of self. Competence is the need to have an effect on the situation and to attain wanted results. Relatedness is the aspiration to feel associated to others. The more self-determination desires that are fulfilled the better the level of one’s own self-determination and motivation. If staff members feel a need for their input and see the outcome of what they do as a benefit, then they should become more motivated in their job setting.
Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory states that there are two types of motivators, one...