Nonverbal and Unwritten Communications

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Demonstrative communication can come in many forms. For the purpose of this paper, examples used will reference non-verbal communications used and accepted within the United States of America. The types of non-verbal languages range from the use of time to use of space, eye contact to body language, and vocal variations to facial expressions. The first of these, chronemics, the use of time, is how people regard time. If a person is on time for an important meeting or an interview, for example, it shows he or she is timely and punctual. This can also lead a person to believe he or she is capable of handling timelines and deadlines. The use of space, known as proxemics, is the distance stood when speaking with others. If a person stands close to another while speaking, it shows a level of closeness. However, if the person stands further than away, it is more than likely someone they are not familiar with personally, such as a speaker, a boss, or someone newly introduced. Haptic is the use of touch. Using this technique could assist in a person expressing trust, care, or concern if used in “soft form” such as a hug, light touch on the arm or a pat on the back. However, if used in “hard form” it can be quite the opposite. For example a hard slap on the back can be perceived as overzealous. A slap in the face can show anger. A too firm hand shake can show a need for showing off one’s strength.
Vocalic is the study of the rate, pitch, and volume of messages. A message may be perceived differently, depending on how the message is delivered. For example, “come here” can seem threatening if said very loud, at a high pitch and spoken quickly. But if said softly, slowly, and drawn out it can mean quite the opposite. Personal style plays a part in non-verbal communication. The style a person dresses, body hair, tattoos, and piercings play a part in non-verbal...

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