The student is considered a novice as an observer of children. The student observes children to gain practice and understanding in child development. Students have an obligation to protect children and respect school personnel. Observers are usually visitors in the classroom. The observer must keep in mind that they are a disruption to the regular processes in the classroom and they should respect the classroom teacher’s direction.
The protection of the child’s rights in any type of child study is important. Regardless of the procedure used to collect information, the child’s protection is paramount. The child must not come to any harm (physical or mental) through participation in the observation process. Confidentiality must be utilized at all times. Talking about children and families with others outside of class or with the classroom teacher is prohibited. Please use fictitious names in written reports. Any concerns about a child’s safety should be addressed immediately with the classroom teacher or other responsible party.
Observation tells us about children’s behavior – what they are doing.
If we want to understand children’s development in school settings then we should observe them in those settings. Observation that takes place in a natural environment is referred to as naturalistic observation.
Qualities of a Good Observer:
· Recognize personal bias and preconceived assumptions about children.
· Stay focus for a long period of time on whatever is being observed.
· Pay attention to details.
The most popular method for recording child observations falls under the heading of “narrative record.” That is a written description of the children’s actions. This is written in paragraph form. You describe what happened in factual terms; where and when and with who is also important to document....