Philosophy of science is within the domain of philosophy.
It is the filed that research the academic questioning in whether philoshpy has the room for improvement on how philosophy itself can affect the science. Philosophy of science can be divided into two main sectlions as the following;
that is, social science and natural science.
According to Karl Popper, science must meet the conditions to be defined as the science.
These conditions are falsifiability, testability and refutability.
His such as thought is also known as 'the problem of demarcation'.
He proposed that a theory of science can be founded on the basis of its falsifiability since logical positivists faced the problem with inductive isssues. For example, if there is a claim that all raven is black, then the observation which is one of the scientific methodology must be proved that all raven over the world is black. If so, the claim can be accepted as the truth. However, this is not possible that the purportents can observe all raven in the world. This is why inductive method has the limitations on itself. Thus, Popper thought that real science should be falsifiable not examinable for all observations. This is the principle of falsifiability. For instance, if there is at least one raven which is white due to albino-mutant, then the claim is regraded as a false. So, there is the room for the improvement on the claim, that is, science or scientific theory. From this point of view, Popper regraded Marxism and astronology is pseudo-scinece since its explanation fits all observations. So, he claimed that these theories are merely theories masking science, that is, dogmas....