In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By schoolhelpphil
Words 883
Pages 4

Cirillo - Thinking about Philosophy


The word philosophy refers to both a discipline and a mindset. At its essence, philosophy

implies the mindset of critical thinking, a quest to find out the truth and the discipline to have a good argument. Derived from the Greek words Philos - loving and Sophia - meaning wisdom and the the love of wisdom. Philosophy can be broken down into many categories. Included in theses subsets are metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, aesthetics and logic. Metaphysics encompasses the why and how of reality and being. Ethics incorporates morality moral systems. Epistemology explains ways of individual knowing. Aesthetics lends elements of beauty and the arts. Lastly, logic contributes the attributes of logic and reasoning. Philosophers pursue fundamental questions - questions that make sense but cannot be answered by relying on common sense or scientific procedures. Pythagoras defines philosophy as “too modest to wish to be called wise, he said he was not a wise man, but only a lover of wisdom”. According to Descartes, philosophy is the highest wisdom that could be achieved by logic; it taught the reason how to set about obtaining knowledge of as yet unknown truths. Frances Bacon described philosophy as the universal science, from which all other sciences grew like branches of a tree. Philosophers do not do experiments, they use priori - truths derived from a direct intuitive understanding of the truth. Many people misuse the word Philosophy. You will hear somebody say “My philosophy about that is...”, They are really saying my view on that is... Philosophy is not somebody’s personal view to create an answer, it is to raise a question to know the truth. Ones own personal view or opinion of something is based off of their own beliefs or assumptions and not clearly thought out. In philosophy they would call this posteri - truths...