FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OYE-EKITI, EKITI STATE, NIGERIA.
A TERM PAPER
TITLE:- “THE ESSENCE/SUBSTANCE OF MAN”
COURSE TITLE: PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC
COURSE CODE: GST 205
* What is man
* The essence and substance of man
* What constitute man
* Man as a dualist
* Man as a monad
* Man as a socialist
* Man as a spiritual entity
* Man as a physical entity
* Intrinsic characteristics that man have in common
* Illustration of the mental essence(when man is abnormal is he still half or full)
The essence of man is the constituent of man which goes beyond his body alone but extends to his mind, soul, spirit and other attributes of man. But we cannot talk about the essence of man without the existence of man because without an existence of man, man’s essence is of no use and nothing to talk about. This brings about the proposition ‘existence precedes essence’. The proposition that existence precedes essence is a central claim of existentialism, which reverses the traditional philosophical view that the essence (the nature) of a thing is more fundamental and immutable than its existence (the mere fact of its being). To existentialists, human beings—through their consciousness—create their own values and determine a meaning for their life because the human being does not possess any inherent identity or value. By posing the acts that constitute him or her, he or she makes his or her existence more significant. Also Saint Thomas Aquinas specifies that a true human being has both essence and existence.
Man is rather different than any other beings like animals, plants and inanimate creatures. And it is apparent that man cannot only be evaluated in terms of physical features. Some describe man as having certain members like eyes...