Precede-ProceedHow can the PRECEDE-PROCEED model be used to design an educational program that addresses health promotion for families with school –aged children?
In order to address these needs a health education and promotion plan will be created using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model. The PRECEDE-PROCEED model provides a comprehensive structure of assessing health and quality of life needs and for designing, implementing, and evaluating health promotion and other public health programs to meet those needs. PRECEDE (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation) outlines a diagnostic planning process to assist in the development of targeted and focused public health programs. PROCEED (Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development) guides the implementation and evaluation of the programs designed using PROCEED.
The epidemiology assessment is the second phase of the PRECEDE-PROCEED process. In this phase, planners use data to identify and rank the health concerns or problems which may be detrimental to the quality of life. Ranking of health concerns is a critical process for planners, due to lack of resources to deal with all multiple problems a community may face. In this phase teen pregnancy is the concern. Adolescent pregnancy is a continual health and social problem. The national teen birth rate was 40.4 births per 1000 female, 15-19 years old in 2005 (Dept.of Health). Teen pregnancy in the USA cost taxpayers an estimated 1.9 billion dollars for increased health and 2.3 billion for increased child welfare. The decrease in teen pregnancies saved taxpayers an estimated 6.7 billion dollars in 2004.
The consequences of teenage pregnancies are serious at the individual, family and community levels. Health risks are higher for teenage mothers and their infants and also pose a greater chance of living in poverty which results in high social assistance. Teen pregnancy may result in induced...