Old english literature
Beowulf, a typical example of Old English poetry, is regarded today as the national epic of the Anglo-Saxons. However, the hero and the setting of Beowulf have nothing to do with England, for the story took place in Scandinavia.
Beowulf describes the exploits of a Scandinavian hero, Beowulf, in fighting against the monster Grendel, his revengeful mother, and a fire-breathing dragon. In these sequences Beowulf is shown not only as a glorious hero but also as a protector of the people.
Thematically the poem presents a vivid picture of how the primitive people wage heroic struggles against the hostile forces of natural world under a wise and mighty leader. The poem is an example of the mingling of nature myths and heroic legends.
Medieval English literature
Starting with the Norman Conquest.
In the early part of the period, from 1066 to the mid-14th century, it was almost a barren period in literary creation.
In the second half of the period, in the second half of the 14th century, English literature started to flourish with the appearance of writers like Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland, John Gower, and others.
Middle English literature strongly reflects the principles of the medieval Christian doctrine, which were primarily concerned with the issue of personal salvation.
Romance which uses narrative verse or prose to sing knightly adventure or other heroic deeds is a popular literary form in the medieval.
Characteristic medieval motifs of the quest, the test, the meeting with the evil giant and the encounter with the beautiful beloved.
The hero knight hero sets out on a journey to accomplish some missions – to protect the church, to attack infidelity, to rescue a maiden, to meet a challenge, or to obey a knightly command.
The author of Sir Gawain and the green knight is the one who produced the best romance of the...