Ptsd Literature Review

Ptsd Literature Review

The need for a clinical treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) sits at the forefront of research in the psychiatric community.   With its emergence as a defined disorder, rather than a label of “extreme trauma” or “shellshock,” PTSD exists as one of the more difficult psychiatric disorders to treat successfully.   Although several treatments are available at the clinical level, the success rate for curing the PTSD patient remains small and pervasive.   In recent years, mental health providers, through numerous studies and related experiments, concluded that PTSD patients respond most favorably to a multi-layered treatment process.   With the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), drug therapy, group-based therapy and other forms of psychotherapy, patients are achieving a higher cure rate and lower rate of re-occurrence.
PTSD is an anxiety disorder triggered as a result of an extreme traumatic event in a person’s life.   This trauma might be the result of battle, death, abuse, or violence of any sort.   The trauma can cause symptoms to manifest within a month of the event or lay dormant for a period of time, according to all definitions of PTSD.   This disorder causes the traumatized to continually re-live the event, to separate from anything associated with the event, either perceived or real, and to become numbed to their normal life process.   Another specific reaction to PTSD is hyperarousal, or a heightened sense of watchfulness or paranoia.   These symptoms are usually present in association with comorbid conditions such as drug and alcohol dependence, depression, and other social and mental disorders.   This combination of conditions makes PTSD one of the most difficult mental health problems to treat in a clinical setting.   This paper addresses psychotherapy techniques used in combination with other treatments, and the success of these layered treatments over stand-alone or singular focus therapies.   The success of group based therapy for PTSD is the...

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