Relationship between ANA’s definition of nursing and the metaparadigm theories of nursing
Metaparadigm is defined as the global concepts that identify the phenomenon of central interest to a discipline( Fawcett 2005). Nursing focuses and revolves around the concepts of person, health and environment and nursing practice and these are called the metaparadigm theories of nursing.
American Nurses Association (2012) defines nursing as “the protection, promotion and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the nursing diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care individual, families, communities and population.
In an attempt to see how ANA’s definition of nursing pertains to the metaparadigm theories of nursing, I will relate the definition to each theoretical concepts. The concept of Person was established in ANA’s definition as ….”individual, families, communinities and population”. These are the participants in nursing. They could be individual who needs nursing assistance, families that need referral or coping skills due to disruption in function, communities who need health promotion or a larger population experiencing the aftermath of a natural disaster. Each of these participants (persons) has specific nursing need which nursing provides or advocates for them to facilitate optimal health.
ANA equally included the concept of environment in its nursing definition. It recognizes the fact that humans are in constant interaction with their environment and as such considers ….”protection, promotion and optimization of health and abilities” in any given environment. Environment here could be a patient’s significant others, physical surrounding as well local or economic conditions that can be linked to the person’s life. Nursing can then help the individual modify the...