Roles and Functions in Management
Roles and Functions in ManagementRoles and Functions in Management
HCS 325 Health Care Management
July 28, 2013
Instructor: Eleanor Milo
What is Management? Some may say , “Management is what managers do”(Hub, 2011). This is a true statement however it does not give great details into what management really is. According to the research I have done there are three specific categorization schemes to explain what managers do, result of many years of research and study: Functions (Henry Fayol), Roles (Henry Mintzberg), and Skills (Robert L. Katz).
Starting with the research of Henry Fayol, Henri Fayol was the first person to identify elements or functions of management in his classic 1916 book Administration Industrielle et Generale (Ref. for Business, 2013) He was a manager at a large French coal-mining firm. He actually defined five functions of management: planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. He claimed that all of the functions were universal and could be used with all types of managerial jobs.
According to Lombardi, D. N., & Schermerhorn, J. R. (2007), the three main roles in management. These are Interpersonal, Informational, and Decisional. Interpersonal roles are defined as the way managers interact with other people, such as in the job of a liaison, leader, or figurehead. Informational role is how a manager exchanges and processes information. Examples of this would be a monitor, spokesperson, or a disseminator. And Decisional role is how a manager uses information in decision making as in the job of an entrepreneur, disturbance handler, resource allocator, and a negotiator.
The roles and functions will help me in my future jobs to help run a smooth and beneficial facility. I am not currently working. However, I am very excited to start doing so.
I feel the most important role for a health care manager and leader in a diversified health care industry would be to be calm and assertive under pressure. They need to be able to keep control...