Rukun Negara (National Principles)
INTRODUCTION OF RUKUN NEGARA
The Rukunegara or sometimes Rukun Negara (Malay for "National Principles") is the Malaysian dec-laration of national philosophy instituted by royal proclamation on Merdeka Day, 1970, in reaction to a serious race riot known as the May 13 Incident which occurred in 1969. The incident proved at that time that Malaysian racial balance and stability was fragile at best. Immediately thereafter, the Malay-sian government sought ways to foster unity among Malaysians. One of the methods used to encourage unity is the Rukunegara.
BACKGROUND OF RK
----was formulated with the purpose to serve as a guideline in the country’s nation-building efforts.
---was proclaimed on August 31, 1970 by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong IV.
OBJECTIVE OF RK
• Achieving a greater unity for all her peoples
• Maintaining a democratic way of life
• Creating a just nation shall be equitably distributed
• Ensuring a liberal approach to her rich and diverse cultural traditions, and
• Building a progressive society which shall be oriented to modern science and technology.
It is a norm for primary and secondary public schools in Malaysia to recite the pledge weekly during a compulsory assembly. Pledge reading follows immediately after the singing of the Malaysian national anthem, Negaraku. Of some interest, the Rukun Negara could usually be found behind the cover of every exercise book that is typically used by primary and secondary Malaysian public school students. This is primarily a move recognised to have been formulated to emulate the similar tactic introduced by the Singapore government immediately after her departure from the Malaysian Federation in 1965.
Recently, on December 8, 2005, the Malaysian government has made reading of the pledge compulsory at official functions. The announcement was made a few...