Sociology

In: Social Issues

Submitted By 906174350
Words 539
Pages 3
In my opinion, the reason sociology is viewed as a bit warily by leaders in most societies is because there is yet to be an achievement of understanding mental distress. For example, in the case of woman's mental health, sociologists have not studied the effects of its worries.

4. The conflict theory in my opinion best explains the inequality in the United States. The reason of my choice is in viewing society as composed of groups that engage in fierce competition for scarce resources is the underlying foundation in the conflict theory. I see this lot in the United States every day. Conflict theory emphasizes the role of intimidation and power in producing social order. This perspective is resulting from the works of Karl Marx, who saw society as disjointed into groups that compete for social and economic resources. Social order is maintained by domination, with power in the hands of those with the greatest political, economic, and social resources.
When agreement exists, it is attributable to people being united around common interests, often in opposition to other groups. Marx theorized that the work of producing consensus was done in the superstructure of society which is composed of social institutions, political structures, and culture and what it produced consensus for was the base, the economic relations of production. According to conflict theory, inequality exists because those in control of a disproportionate share of society’s resources actively defend their advantages. The masses are not bound to society by their shared values, but by coercion at the hands of those in power. This perspective emphasizes social control, not consensus and conformity. Groups and individuals advance their own interests, struggling over control of societal resources. Those with the most resources exercise power over others with inequality and power struggles result. There...