October 23, 2011
Mood disorders are a category of mental health problems including depression and bipolar disorder (The Ohio State University Medical Center, 2011). According to The Ohio State University Medical Center (2011), “The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that research indicates that depression onset is occurring earlier in life today than in past decades.” Depression is described as a low, sad state in which life is a dark, challenging, overwhelming place to be. There will be many people that will go through a depressive stage some point in their life and be able to move past it. However, there are people that are unable to move past this part in their life and will have depression for most of their life and can be diagnosed as having unipolar depression. Others can suffer from mania. Mania is the complete opposite of depression where a person has extreme excitement and euphoria about life. Then there is a small group of people that suffer from mania and depression known as bipolar disorder.
Between 5 and 10 percent of adults in the United States will suffer from severe unipolar depression. Women are twice as likely to experience severe depression then men (Comer, 2005). Depression not only affects a person emotionally, but can affect a person behaviorally, cognitively, physically, and motivationally. Many people will feel sad, gloomy, dark, miserable, and empty when they are experiencing an episode of depression. These episodes can affect daily act ivies because a person will not have a desire to want to do anything and would rather stay in bed all day and do nothing at all. A person can neglect family, friends, social events and even neglect to eat while going through a depressive episode. Suicide is a big challenge when depressed because people will have suicidal thought and research has shown that...