The Boy in the Striped Pajamas

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

I. INTRODUCTION


      Phenomenology is a qualitative research method originally developed by the philosopher Edmund Husserl.[1] The termed phenomenology is both a philosophy and a research method. As a philosophy, phenomenology is a particular way of approaching the world and apprehending lived experience[2]. As a research method, phenomenology is a rigorous process of reexamining what Husserl termed “the things themselves.”[3]
      The question of phenomenological inquiry is about the meaning of human experience and asks, “What is it like?” Phenomenology is a way of thinking about what life experiences are like for people[4] and is primarily concerned with interpreting the meaning of these experiences. Phenomenological research “explores the humanness of a being in the world”[5]. Bergum refers to the phenomenological research method as an “action-sensitive-understanding” that begins and ends in the practical acting of everyday life and leads to a practical knowledge of thoughtful action. Phenomenological research is an introspective human science, the intent of which is to interpret and to understand as opposed to observing, measuring, explaining, and predicting)[6]. The intention is to go beyond the aspects of life taken for granted and “to uncover the meanings in everyday practice in such a way that they are not destroyed, distorted, decontextualized, trivialized or sentimentalized”.[7] To answer the question, “What is it like?” and to enter into the dialectic of the study and fully portray the reality of the experience, a process of phenomenological reduction is utilized.[8]
      On the other hand, lived experience refers to what an individual, group, or community experiences for itself, rather than a reality that may be determined by those outside of that individual, group, or community. It involves not only the actual experiences themselves, but the meaning that the individual, group, or community makes of...

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