Theoretical Concepts Associated with Skinner

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By itspossible
Words 684
Pages 3

Olsen & Hergenhahn, 2009 list 24 major theoretical concepts associated with Burrhus Frederic Skinner. Among these theoretical concepts, radical behaviorism, shaping, extinction, chaining, punishment, verbal behavior, and his learning theory are paramount. In addition to these theoretical concepts, Skinner’s respondent and operant behavior, type s and type r conditioning, as well as the cumulative recording and contingency contracting cannot be ignored. However, the primary focus of this slide is a succinct review of the 12 fundamentals of Skinner’s behaviorism as notated in Team B annotated bibliography from week 2. In that regard, Delprato & Midgley state, “Behaviorism’s impact on disciplines inside and outside of psychology is exemplified by the prominence of its leading advocate B. F. Skinner” (p. 1507).
The essential points Delprato & Midgley revealed regarding Skinner’s behaviorism are the purpose of science, methodology, determinism, locus of behavioral control, consequential causality, materialism, behavior as subject matter, reductionism, non-reductionism, organism as the locus of biological change, classification of behavior into respondent and operant stimulus control of operant behavior, and the generality of behavioral principles.
According to Delprato & Midgley, 1992 the purpose of science is to predict and control behavior of organism. To that end, experimentation, the use of scientific research, and technological application is vital in accessing the behavior of organisms. Additionally, the use of methodology is relevant in scientific research. (Delprato & Midgley, 1992) described methodology as a form of functionalism that relates environment to behavior. In that respect, methodology and locus of behavioral control are related because locus of behavioral control is directly linked to being localized in the...