Types of Group

Types of Group

What is a group?

Understanding Groups and
Teams

What is a group?
Formal Groups
Formal Groups

Informal Groups
Informal Groups

Formally Established

Occur Naturally
Occur Naturally

Work Assignments

Friendships
Friendships

Specific Tasks

Common Interests
Common Interests

Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, Coulter: Management 4e © 2006 Pearson Education Australia

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Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, Coulter: Management 4e © 2006 Pearson Education Australia

Understanding groups

Types of formal groups

Group

Types of formal groups
Types of formal groups

Two or more interacting and interdependent
individuals who come together to achieve particular
goals.

Formal groups
Work groups defined by the organisation’s structure
that have designated work assignments and tasks.
– Appropriate behaviours are defined by and
directed toward organisational goals.

CrossCrossCommand
Command functional
functional

SelfSelfTask force
managed Task force
managed

Informal groups
Groups that are independently formed to meet the
social needs of their members.
Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, Coulter: Management 4e © 2006 Pearson Education Australia

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Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, Coulter: Management 4e © 2006 Pearson Education Australia

Figure 14.1

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Stages of group development

Stages in Group Development
Forming:

Members join and begin the process of defining
the group’s purpose, structure, and leadership

Storming:

Intragroup conflict occurs as individuals resist
control by the group and disagree over leadership.

Norming:

Close relationships develop as the group becomes
cohesive and establishes its norms for acceptable
behaviour

Performing: A fully functional group structure allows the group
to focus on performing the task at hand

Adjourning: The group prepares to disband and is no longer
concerned with high levels of performance

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