V. Henderson Theory Critique

In: Science

V. Henderson Theory Critique

Virginia A. Henderson’s Nursing Theory Critique
Gaylinn Breeze
Maryville University








Abstract
This paper aims to provide an in depth critique of Henderson’s Nursing Theory using Fawcett’s framework for analysis and evaluation of nursing models. This paper will provide an analysis of the theory based on its scope, context and content. Secondly, the paper will provide an evaluation to unearth its significance, internal consistency, testability, as well as provide empirical and pragmatic adequacy. Lastly, the paper will give a detail of its assumptions and limitations.


































Virginia A. Henderson’s Nursing Theory Critique
      Virginia A. Henderson was considered a mother of nursing in the advent of modern day nursing. Her contribution to the nursing system was widely considered as a tool for transforming the nursing practices in health facilities. She gave elaborate guidelines and drew attention of nurses towards what an effective nursing practice would require of them. In her own setup, she carried out research and formulated a theory. Her theory of nursing focused on providing patients with factors that would enhance independence for the patients. In her efforts to transform the patient’s care approach, she acknowledged that basic needs were of primary concern in enabling a functional nursing approach. Her relationship between nursing care and basic needs propagated the ‘Needs Theory’.
      Scope and Origin
      Henderson’s theory is founded on the humanistic approach model that emphasizes on the care of the sick and the terminally ill even those at the point of death. The theory stressed more on what the nurses are to do and whom they are to take care of. This meant that nurses are to provide intimate care to persons who cannot depend on themselves to function normally (McEwen & Wills, 2002).
      The theory further emphasizes on the uttermost need to provide skills and...

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