Values in Kancil Stories and the Development of Children Character

Values in Kancil Stories and the Development of Children Character

A. Introduction

    One of the ways to tell and educate the children about moral values is by telling a story. At school, teachers usually tell the students some inspiring stories which usually are fiction, such as fables, legend and other folktales. One of the most famous stories told by teachers and parents is Kancil (Mousedeer) story. Kancil story is kind of fable as the characters in the story are animals. Fables, which frequently feature animal characters, are told with the intention of educating the listener or the reader[1]. The stories which often use animal characters are memorable way of reinforcing moral and ethical precepts and of teaching practical lessons on how to get along in the world[2]. Kancil (Mousedeer) is one of the most famous characters in a fable in Indonesia and some other Asian countries. There are a lot of stories using Kancil as the main character.

    In Indonesia the story about Kancil is influenced by the culture of the people in one region. Therefore, as Indonesia has a lot of ethnics with their culture, it makes Kancil stories are told in different version and different name based on the language, custom, value and religion of one society. For example, Aceh and other Malay people call Kancil as Pelanduk with the famous story “Hikayat Pelanduk Jenaka”; while in North Sumatera, Bataknese people call it Paes. However, still all the stories about Kancil describe him with the same character. Kancil is usually described as a clever, tricky and naughty animal, and he always fool the other animals to escape from trouble. However, Kancil is also sometimes described as a kind and wise character that always helps “weaker” animal from the trouble, usually to run from other wild animals.

    Kancil story is often told to the children by parents or teacher since in that story the teller can deliver the values about moral, discipline and wisdom. Telling an animal story is much better than giving an advice or anger which usually the...

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