Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement
. Throughout policing history women and minorities have played roles in the equality opportunities in the workplace legislation. During the Nixon Administration the federal government began to push employers to make a "good faith effort" to employ women and minorities and to track their progress. In 1969 the act “Executive Order” was passed by President Nixon which stated that the federal government could not use sex as a requirement for hiring which changed policing within the Federal Bureau of Investigations and municipal police departments. In 1972 the act “Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act” prohibited employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, or sex (Grant & Terry, 2008). Before these acts were enforced, it was nearly impossible for women and minorities to get a job in policing.
To improve and enhance the police community relations in minority communities, it was important to increase minority police officers in the law enforcement. Minority police officers have increased in modern times due to immigration and having an officer that can speak other languages has proven to be quiet useful to police departments. The increase of policewomen officers was important to improve police community relations in the communities after the civil rights movement. During World War II the number of women in the police force also increased (Grant & Terry, 2008). This role of women and minorities has affected modern policing agencies by making them for diverse and equal.
Policewomen and policemen are different in three key areas which are policewomen do not draw their weapons as often, they use less physical force, and they are better at handling domestic violence and house calls. Policewomen and policemen are also very similar because they are both dedicated to serving the community they work for and all...