Premium Essay

1. Do You Think There Is a Trade-Off Between the Positive (High Performance) and Negative (Increased Stress) Effects of Stretch Goals?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mirafakhoury
Words 324
Pages 2
1. Do you think there is a trade-off between the positive (high performance) and negative (increased stress) effects of stretch goals? Setting goals is part of organizational life and a powerful way to keep employees aligned and clear about expectations. But how tough should the goals be? How high should you set the bar? Some leaders like to set goals at a low to moderate level, based on the concept that they want everyone to be successful. They believe that success increases employee motivation and satisfaction. A second approach is to set the goals fairly high, expecting that a good portion of the employees will achieve them, but everyone has to work pretty hard to be successful. The third approach is to make the goals so high that only the very best performers might attain them, but not too often. This is based on the premise that if you set the bar really high then everyone will work their hardest to go as far as they can.
However, stretch goals can have a tradeoff between the positive and negative effects. On the positive side, it can increase high work performance since it enables employees to reach their fullest potential. Sometimes employees find stretch goals very motivating and make it a challenge to attain it, because managers generally attach incentives such as recognition and other forms of rewards for attaining these goals. Nevertheless, stretch goals also have negative effects and this is the stress that employees go through when unrealistic goals are set by managers. Goals should be challenging and require a stretch - but employees should be able to see the possibility of achieving them based on their efforts and performance. You might, for instance, ask people to cut costs by half or reduce product-development time from years to months. Stretch targets are an artificial stimulant for finding ways to work more efficiently. They force you to think…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Stress

...1. Do you think there is a trade-off between the positive (high performance) and negative (increased stress) effects of stretch goals? Setting goals is part of organizational life and a powerful way to keep employees aligned and clear about expectations. But how tough should the goals be? How high should you set the bar? Some leaders like to set goals at a low to moderate level, based on the concept that they want everyone to be successful. They believe that success increases employee motivation and satisfaction. A second approach is to set the goals fairly high, expecting that a good portion of the employees will achieve them, but everyone has to work pretty hard to be successful. The third approach is to make the goals so high that only the very best performers might attain them, but not too often. This is based on the premise that if you set the bar really high then everyone will work their hardest to go as far as they can. However, stretch goals can have a tradeoff between the positive and negative effects. On the positive side, it can increase high work performance since it enables employees to reach their fullest potential. Sometimes employees find stretch goals very motivating and make it a challenge to attain it, because managers generally attach incentives such as recognition and other forms of rewards for attaining these goals. Nevertheless, stretch goals also have negative effects and this is the stress that employees go through when unrealistic goals are set......

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Do You Think

...the outcome of the Japanese businesses. Questions 1. The triggers of cultural change in Japan during the 1990s were that the generation born after 1964 wasn’t as motivated and grew up in a much richer and prosperous Japan. Another trigger was that the Japanese economy was sucked into a slump. Due to the fact that the companies in Japan were trying to keep their traditions and values, keep their employees happy and maintain good and efficient business caused the companies to suffer. Cultural change is starting to affect traditional values in Japan because it is causing companies to change their values. Companies are no longer following the set of values and folkways from previous years. They are beginning to follow the same rules and regulations of the society. Panasonic was also letting go of employees and modifying the social structure to better fit the company. 2. Japan’s changing culture might influence the way Japanese business operates in the future because all of the rules and regulations will be different. This would be something new that the culture of Japan had never seen before. For reading through the case study it seems as though it is a positive and a negative thing. It’s a positive thing because it is creating profit for the business and a constant increase throughout the years. It is also instilling in the employees what they must do in order to keep their jobs. The negative effects are that they are losing the tradition and the......

Words: 915 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Negative and Positive Effects of Facebook Use

...Negative and Positive Effects of Facebook Use Facebook has taken the world by storm with more than 500 million users. The use of Facebook has many implications on self-esteem and personal relationships both positive and negative. 93% of college students have a Facebook account and spend on average 47 minutes a day on Facebook. My research on this topic is to inform the general user of the risks and rewards of Facebook. I believe this research is important as a Facebook user myself to know what potential risks I am taking and what potential rewards I can expect. The research question was what is Facebook and what are the positive and negative ramifications on self-esteem and social relationships as a result of using Facebook. My research is based on the literature review of scholarly articles. This research paper will show that Facebook use has many positive and negative effects on self-esteem and personal relationships.   Review of the Literature Definition of Facebook Facebook as defined by Tokunaga (2011) is a social networking site (SNS) created in 2004. Facebook since its origination has grown have the largest number of users with more than 500 million active users. 30% of Facebook users are within the age 18-25 demographic. Social networking sites are web-based services that allow people to create a public or semi-public profile within a limited system, formulate a list of other user with whom they share a connection and view and navigate their list...

Words: 2140 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

‘Gm Food Advances the Goal of Sustainable Development.’ to What Extent Do You Think This Is True?

...‘GM food advances the goal of sustainable development.’ To what extent do you think this is true? The Earth is facing severe environmental degradation. Years of resource exploitation and pollution have caused environmental problems and their effects are being felt globally. It has been estimated that if the world’s population reaches between10-11 billion then 5 more Planet Earths would be needed to maintain the present level of ecological decline. The environmental use in some countries is already unsustainable. Technology has allowed the world to cope with agriculture and an increasing population, however the FAO expects a long term decrease in food production in rich countries (Alexandratos 1988). 800 million people are affected today by hunger and malnutrition(Food Future 2000). The FAO claims that 650 million of these people will still be in the same situation by 2010. The world produces enough food, often it is the distribution process that causes problems. However this food may be produced in a non sustainable way. Pesticides, use of non farming land and the demand for cash crops over self sufficiency are not necessarily in the environments best interest. Factors such as poverty, wealth and inequality place burdens on the environment and possible sustainability. Genetically modified foods could be a key factor in advancing the goal of sustainable development. Biotechnology is the use of biological science to alter living organisms for the benefit of mankind.......

Words: 4659 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Distinguish Between Positive and Negative Freedom

...Distinguish between positive and negative freedom Freedom is the ability to think or act as one wishes in a capacity that can associated with the individual, social group or a nation. Both Modern and Classical Liberals believe in freedom and promote individual autonomy, however don’t believe in unlimited freedom as this may affect other people’s liberties. Isaiah Berlin famously distinguished between negative freedom and positive freedom in his book ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’. Since this, Classical liberals have endorsed Negative Freedom. While Modern Liberals revised their view of freedom and supports Positive Freedom. The negative view advocates freedom with regard to independence of an individual from interference by institutions or governments, and fundamentally the absence of eternal restrictions or constraints upon the individual. Berlin argued that "I am normally said to be free to the degree to which no man or body of men interferes with my activity. Political liberty in this sense is simply the area within which a man can act unobstructed by others”. It follows that the human incapacity to attain a goal, is not lack of political freedom. This is not to say, however, that state intervention in the form of economic management or social welfare can never be justified, but only that it cannot be justified in terms of freedom. Locke, for example, is normally thought of as one of the fathers or classical liberalism and therefore as a staunch defender of the negative......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Increased Performance Goals

...Increased Performance Goals For goals to increase performance, one must define them as difficult to achieve and as specific. Easily-attained goals tend to correlate with lower performance than more difficult goals. A vague goal does not seem likely to enhance performance. A goal can become more specific through quantification or enumeration (specifying a certain number or a list), such as by demanding "increasing productivity by 50%"; or by defining certain tasks that need completing. Goals can affect performance in three ways: 1. goals narrow attention and direct efforts to goal-relevant activities, and away from perceived undesirable and goal-irrelevant actions 2. goals can lead to more effort; for example, if one typically produces 4 widgets an hour, and has the goal of producing 6, one may work more intensely than one would otherwise in order to reach the goal 3. goals influence persistence. One becomes more prone to work through setbacks or to work harder if pursuing a goal. There are 4 factors affecting the goal-directed efforts. Goal difficulty is the level of difficulty to achieve the goal. Goal Commitment is the extent to which a person is interested to reach the goal. Goal specificity means the goal should be relatively clarity and precision to the target. Goal acceptance is the extent to which a person adopts a goal as his or her own Various moderators can affect the relationship between goals and performance: • goal-commitment, the most influential......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Positive and Negative Effects of It in Modern Day

...Legal and Ethical Issues in IT The positive and negative impact that IT Revolution has had on various areas within modern day society. The positive and negative impact that IT Revolution has had on various areas within modern day society. Content Pages 1.0 Abstract ……………………………………… 3 1.1 Introduction ……………………………………… 3 - 6 1.2 Information Technology ……………………………………… 6 - 8 1.3 Issues in IT ……………………………………… 9 1.4 Negative effects of IT ……………………………………… 10 - 13 1.5 Positive effects of IT ………………………………………. 14 - 17 1.6 Conclusion ………………………………………. 18 - 19 1.7 References ………………………………………. 20 - 22 1.0 Abstract The main goal of this document is to examine the IT (Information Technology) revolution and the concept of globalization as they effect developing countries. Globalization as one of the reasons for possible widening of the gap between the poor and the rich nations was examined and the emerging concept of "digital slavery" was carefully evaluated. The wide gap in availability and use of ITs across the world and the influences ITs exert on......

Words: 4283 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Personality and Motivation Effect on Sports Performance

...parental genes, you are born with a set of characteristics. Your personality is similar to your parents/siblings’ personalities for this reason. Behaviour is natural, steady and permanent and will not change due to environmental factors. An example of this would be the Williams sisters in tennis, who are both world-class tennis players. Trait theorists would say that these genes were inherited as they were successful from a young age; meaning they were born with their personality, which caused them to be successful. However, trait views are too general and simplistic and that personality alone cannot predict success in a sporting environment and has no consideration of environmental effect. It can also predict behaviour in a limited manner but traits cannot predict how an individual will behave in a particular situation. Eysenck Personality Types There are 4 types of personality that Eysenck explained; Stable, Neurotic, Introvert and Extrovert. Stable This is a predictable, steady-going personality type, which are generally mood predictable and they are relatively calm; an example of this would be Djokovic, the tennis player. He is calm and collected whilst playing tennis and is relatively predictable. These kinds of athletes are great for sports that require a constant emotional state, like golf or swimming as they can be mood predictable and perform well consistently as they are less likely to become frustrated and therefore enhance their own performance as they......

Words: 3938 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Do You Think Attitudes Influence Job Performance?

...North South University Assignment prepared for: Jasim Uddin (JDN) MGT321: Oraganizational behavior. Assignment prepared by:Kamrul Hasan ID:0930875030 Date:03/10/2011 Do you think attitudes influence job performance? Justify your arguments logically using evidence. The obvious straight forward answer to this question is yes. Yes, attitudes influences job performance very much. The attitude of the employee affects job performance. When employees arrive at work, they bring with them their moods, their emotions, their opinions and their problems at home or with life in general. Since employees may have the need to cooperate with each other to get the work done, their attitude will have great influence on productivity, their relationships with each other and productivity on the job. It is like when an employee has a good attitude about a job, the whole chore just flows so easily leading them to think that the work is so smooth, easy and hassle free; which at the end of the day eventually holds a huge positive impact on their performance at the workplace. But, here is the opposite scenario, when an employee has a bad attitude about a job, he or she will realize either incidentally or coincidentally everything about the work gets wrong, even the silly things which should not be a problem turns out to be huge mistakes. Now let’s go back to the core question WHAT IS AN ATTITUDE? The absolute basic meaning suggests that an attitude is a way......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do You Think That Shareholders Are Always Worse Off Following a Merger or Takeover? (40)

...To what extent do you think that shareholders are always worse off following a merger or takeover? (40) A stakeholder is an individual or group with a direct interest in the activities and performance f the group. Mergers occur where two or more firms agree to come together under one firm. Following a merger or takeover, customers are always worse off because they are likely to be faced with less choice thus higher prices. This is because two firms merging together reduces the number of firms in a market which in turn increase their market share thus market power. This makes it increasingly difficult for new firms with innovative ideas to enter the market and for smaller firms to stay in the market, so consumers get less varied and innovative goods. Therefore less choice is a negative implication for consumers. Moreover, less choice can mean higher prices because firms have more market power and less competition so if a firm increases price, consumers essentially have nowhere to go as threat of competitors is reduced. In the merger between Thomas cook and co-operative travel there is fear that they will increase prices and there will be less choice which is completely conflicting of customers objectives which is to have quality goods at competitive prices. However, the extent of these negative implications are dependent on the sizes of the firms integrating, also the external influences at the time. During the merger of Thomas cook and cooperative there was a recession....

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Do You Think Culture Is Important to Organizational Performance?

...Do you think culture is important to organizational performance? By TAN KAR CHU The topic I choose for this assignment is “Do You Think Culture Is Important To Organizational Performance”. There are many definition of Organizational culture that had been made but based on what I had learn, Organizational culture is the value and assumptions shared within an organizational which defines the important and unimportant in the company and, consequently, directs everyone in the organization toward the “right way” of doing things (McShane & Glinow, 2009). But according to Maher (2014), organizational culture is a major factor which affects the speed and frequency of innovation. Nowadays, new develop organization should know that to establish a successful organizations they should adopts and adapts culture to their organization in order to know whether their organizational performance is good or not. I believe that culture is important to organizational performance. First of all organisations that want to be innovative must transform their organizational culture so that it has innovation-oriented culture (Szczepańska, 2014), which means that the employee has to be able to generate innovative ideas in a short times. When the innovation-oriented organizational culture has been create, it will forming a climate that would be positive to the organizational changes. But, in order to toughen the culture for innovation within and across the organisations, employee should be brave......

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Effect of Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Performance: an Empirical Study

...Effect of Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Performance: An Empirical Study Rashmi Shahu, S.V. Gole Department of Management Technology RKN Engineering College Nagpur, India (rashmishahu@yahoo.co.uk) (golesv@rknec.edu) Volume 2, Number 3 September 2008, pp. 237-246 Occupational stress is commonly acknowledged to be a critical issue for managers of private manufacturing companies. This study attempts to fill part of this void in literature by examining the relationship between job stress, job satisfaction and performance among 100 managers of private manufacturing firms. The study’s findings suggest that higher stress levels are related to lower performance whereas higher job satisfaction indicates higher performance. The main objective was to see if there was any relationship between job performance, job satisfaction and job stress & to preface model for the same. The research was assessed by using various instruments. Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Job Stress, Job Manufacturing Firms, Occupational Stress Index Performance, Private 1. Introduction 1.1 Job Performance in Relation to Job Satisfaction In the field of Industrial / Organizational psychology, one of the most researched areas is the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance (Judge, Thoresen, Bono, & Patton, 2001). Landy (1989) described this relationship as the “Holy Grail” of Industrial psychology. Research linking job performance with satisfaction and other attitudes has been studied since...

Words: 3941 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Effects of a High Stress Work Life

...Everyone, at some point, experiences mental or emotional strain; this is known as stress. Stress is a natural part of life that can come in both negative and positive forms. While positive stress can give a person the drive and motivation necessary to succeed, negative stress can lead to severe consequences, especially in the workplace (Seidl, 2009). Work-related stress can cause serious problems for employees as well as the organizations they work for; as such, it is important to be aware of these problems and the factors which contribute to work-related stress must be addressed. Causes of Work-Related Stress Over the course of a day, most adults spend at least eight hours of their time in their work environment; this amounts to a third of their day, and as much as half of their waking hours. During that time, pressures that are placed on those people can lead to stress. Exploring specific factors which can lead to stress at work is necessary for us to better understand the topic. • Lack of Control: People are unable to influence the demands or restrictions placed on them. • Ambiguous Expectations: Employees are unclear on their job functions, or experience conflict between their roles and assignments. • Pressure: Employees feel their work is “piling up” or there is not enough time to accomplish tasks. • Communication: Employees feel left in the dark in regards to the organization’s goals, or their futures within the organization. • Support: Employees are not given......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Trade-Off Between Service and Inventory Costs

...Trade-off between service and inventory costs Rationalizing safety stock settings within NXP Semiconductors by M.W.H. Roeloffzen Trade-off between service and inventory costs Rationalizing safety stock settings within NXP Semiconductors Graduation Company: NXP Semiconductors SCM Competence Center High Tech Campus – 60 (5.50) Professor Holstlaan 4 P.O. Box 80073 5600 K.A. Eindhoven The Netherlands University Supervisors: Dr. Ir. Leo van der Wegen (UT) Prof. Dr. Ir. Ton de Kok (TU/e) (Dr. Ir. Matthieu van der Heijden (UT)) Company Supervisors: Ir. Sander Kok Ir. Ruud Driesen Ir. Erik van Wachem University of Twente, Enschede Industrial Engineering and Management Science Specialization: Production and Logistic Management Mark W.H. Roeloffzen October 9th, 2007. Summary Summary ----------Context NXP operates in a highly dynamic and globalized semiconductor market. The NXP supply chain control is like it peers in semiconductor business quite complex. To manage the supply chain and to deal with the market characteristics, six so called Business Renewal II objectives were launched as part of the one page strategy. On one hand the BR II objectives target for a lower break-even point and on the other hand it aims for operational excellence. For supply chain management this translates in lower stock targets on one hand and better supply chain performance on the other hand. Because of the existing link between these two objectives, this research will support the......

Words: 20406 - Pages: 82

Premium Essay

The Positive and Negative Effects on Tourism

...The Negative and Positive Effects of Tourism Submitted by Arianne Smith DeVry University Tourism Management, Warren John Fall 2011 Abstract The current research paper covers the main effects of global tourism, both positive and negative. International tourism is a significant sector of business. For some countries it is one of the main sources of national income. The most important positive economic effects of tourism are as follows: increase in budget revenues, production expansion, stimulation of investments, and improvement in the population’s welfare. Tourism influences social and cultural lives of people in a positive way by stimulating the development and revival of local cultures and encouraging intercultural exchange. Tourism has both positive and negative effects on the environment. Among the negative effects of tourism, the most important ones are inflation, financial leakage, infrastructure costs, and economic dependence. Political issues can also arise because of tourism. The countries should be aware of the negative effects of tourism in order to avoid them. Keywords: international tourism, environment, economic effect, leakage, tourist infrastructure. Table of Contents Introduction 2 The Negative and Positive Effects of Tourism 2 Positive Effects 2 Economic effects. 2 Environmental effects. 6 Cultural effects. 6 Social effects. 8 Negative Effects of Tourism 10 Political effects. 10 Inflation. 11 Financial leakage. 12 Increase...

Words: 4934 - Pages: 20