Free Essay

10 Biggest

In: Science

Submitted By lito9289
Words 904
Pages 4
Top 10 Biggest Things In The Universe

Do you think the pyramids are big? How about the Burj Dubai? Both of those are nothing compared to Mt. Everest. They’re all huge when you look at them from a human or ‘earthly’ perspective.
These objects however, are microscopic when compared to some of the things that exist in our universe. Let’s explore them.

10) Largest Asteroid
Ceres is the largest asteroid we know of. It is almost 600 miles in diameter which makes it as large as California. It’s massive enough that its gravity forces it to have a spherical shape and also shares the title of ‘Dwarf Planet’. It’s so big, that it contains 25% of the mass of the asteroid belt. If you took all the asteroids in the asteroid belt and glued them together, that new object would only be about 2.5 times as big as Ceres.
9) Largest Planet
Located in the constellation Hercules, planet TRES4 is 70% larger than Jupiter in diameter, but has only 80% of Jupiter’s mass. Because of how close it orbits to its sun, it is thought that the intense heat expands the gasses that make up this planet, resulting in an almost ‘marshmallow-like’ density. It’s holds the title of the largest planet we’ve discovered so far.
Update: Science is never finished. Since this list was compiled, observations of an exoplanet called WASP-17b suggest that it is even bigger than TRES4. Despite its radius being twice that of Jupiter’s, it only has half the mass. This makes it even “fluffier” than TRES4.
8) Largest Star
VY Canis Majoris is the largest star (in diameter) that we know of. It’s in a class of star known as Red Hyper Giants. It’s 2,000 times wider than the sun and would take the world’s fastest race car 2,600 years to circle it once. If you replaced our Sun with VY Canis Majoris, it’s radius would extend out passed Saturn. (see picture to the left for comparison to our own sun).
7) Largest Black Hole
Black holes are not physically large regions of space. But when you include their mass, they are among the top competitors for the largest things in the universe. And quasar OJ287 is the largest black hole we’ve spotted. It’s estimated to be 18 billion times the mass of our sun and is a supermassive black hole located in the center of a galaxy. To put that in perspective, it’s an object larger than our entire solar system. Just how big can a black hole get? According to scientists, there is no theoretical upper limit.

6) Largest Galaxy
A super galaxy is a galaxy that has merged with many others and they sit in the middle of galaxy clusters. The largest that we’ve discovered so far, is arguably the IC1101 super galaxy. It is 6 million light years across. Compare that to the Milky Way which is a mere 100 thousand light years across. IC1101 is a staggering 60 times larger than our own.
5) Radio Lobes
Radio lobes are powered by the accretion disk of super massive black holes. Black holes that sit at the center of most galaxies. As material gets consumed by a black hole, some energy and matter is flung away at high speeds which occur at the poles of black holes. These emissions are in the form of radio energy jets which can be seen with a radio telescope. The largest is located in the galaxy is 3C236 which is located in the constellation Leo minor. Its jets span 40 million light years across. The jets from end to end are by far larger than any galaxy.

4) Lyman Alpha Blobs
These blobs are a very short lived phase of the birth of galaxy clusters. They are an amorphous object filled with gas that are not fully coalesced or bound and set gravitationally yet. They resemble amoebas or jellyfish in shape. The largest one that we know of is 200 million light years wide located in the constellation Aquarius.
3) The Boötes Void
Galaxies usually reside in clusters. Even our own Milky Way does. These clusters are lightly gravitationally bound and expanding along with space/time itself in groups. But what about the areas where they don’t reside? Enter the Boötes Void. This region of ‘nothingness’ is a whopping 250 million light years across. That’s 2,500 milky way galaxies placed side by side. Voids are like holes in our universe, and the Boötes Void is the largest.

2) Shapley Super Cluster
It is the most massive gravitationally bound object that we currently know of. The Shapley Supercluster is a collection of galaxies some 400+ million light years long. This puts our Milky Way galaxy around 4,000 times smaller. It would take our fastest spacecraft trillions of years to cross it.
1) The Cosmic Web
Most astronomers agree that the biggest thing in the universe is the cosmic web. It’s an endless scaffolding of clusters and superclusters of galaxies surrounded by dark matter and resembles a three dimensional spiderweb. Clusters of galaxies and dark matter make up “hubs” and filaments of galaxies connect these hubs producing a web like appearance. (see side picture)
How big is the web? If the Milky Way galaxy was a poppy seed, then the cosmic web of the observable universe would be the size of the Rose Bowl stadium.

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Virtual Lab Demonstrating the Scientific Method SCIE207-1302B-06 Biology Lab American Intercontinental University Purpose: To determine how added nitrogen affects the growth in arable and non-arable soils. Introduction: Nitrogen is known by others to be the main component that is most likely to limit growth in several ordinary terrestrial and marine ecosystems (Vitousek & Howarth, 1991). Arable soil is the perfect kind of soil used in agriculture that allows a variety of crops to grow (M.U.S.E., 2010). Hypothesis: It is determined that plants only grow on arable land when receiving an adequate amount of nitrogen fertilizer. Methods: To get my lab results I started with the introduction video titled Using the Scientific Method. At the end of the video a table appeared which represented the amount of mineral nitrogen fertilization. To gather data for the Arable soil, and the Nonarable Sandy Loam soil this following process was taken, in step 1 I clicked on the amount of mineral nitrogen which started with 0, and then I clicked the Arable Soil button which gave me the amount of yield of maize. I clicked the Nonarable Sandy Loam Soil button to get the amount of yield of maize. I repeated this step 1 process from the chart that is measure in multiplies of 20, up to 180. After gathering this information I filled in the lab report with the number of yield of maize for each amount of mineral nitrogen for the Arable and Nonarable......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Liquor Industry

...RESEARCH PAPER A Comparative Study of BTL in Building up the Brand In Indian Spirit Market In Case Of Royal Challenge against Royal Stag Whisky Praveer Gupta The main objective of the working paper is to understand the performance of Royal Challenge Whisky since its inception and to measure the potential of Royal Challenge brand as a premium segment whisky. This also explains the role of BTL strategies carried out so far and a few consumer insights about the market so as to forecast its position. Page | 1 RESEARCH PAPER Abstract Royal Challenge Whisky brand was launched in 1886 by Shaw Wallace & company. The brand had a healthy growth of about 10 percent till 2005 when the company was bought by the country’s largest spirit maker United Spirits Limited. RC had sales above one million cases in the year 2003-04 with a market share of 56 percent in the premium segment whisky which had grown to 65 percent at the end of December 2003 in competition with UB Spirits Division’s Signature Whisky and Seagram’s Blenders Pride. Over the year, UB kept working on the brand to bring up the same position by various marketing activities like linking the brand with IPL cricket Team (Royal Challengers Bangalore) and an associate sponsor of India's first Formula 1 team Force India etc. In 2014, Diageo bought majority stake in USL and came up with pricing strategy to decrease the prices in order to retain the market share, while other companies such as Pernod......

Words: 4677 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Social Studies Teacher

...Homework – Grade 7 Week of 10/21 – 10/25 Monday, 10/21 Tuesday, 10/22 Wednesday, 10/23 Thursday, 10/24 Wksh: Power to a Power (p 2) Wksh: Division with Exponents (p 3) Wksh: Mixed Review (p 4) Study for test. Complete review sheet. Friday, 10/25 Test in class. Print out next week’s hw assignments. Have a great weekend.   Topics covered for the week Power to a power Division with exponents Textbook Additional help can be found in Chapter 1: pp 10 – 13 Chapter 4: pp 194 – 203 Chapter 9: pp 453 – 457 and p 822 Chapter 12: pp 674 – 678       Test Topics Intro to exponents/meaning of exponents Exponents with a zero power Negative exponents Exponents with similar bases Power to a power Division with exponents 1 Name _________________________ Date __________________________ Math Period ______ Power to a Power Expand each of the following expressions. 1) (2rm3)2 2) (– 4a2) – 3 3) (– 3m2p3)2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ Simplify. Write all exponents as positive if necessary. 4) (5x2)3 5) (xy3) – 5 (x2)4 • (– 3x6)4 6) ____________________________________________________________________________________ 7) (6x2y3)3 8) (– 2mn5)5 9) (4x2)2 • (3y)2 Mixed Review. Simplify. (All answers must have positive exponents) 10) – (m4)3 11) – 3x0 12) – (xy)0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13) xy0 14) (– m4)3 15) ( ) –3 _______...

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...E8-3 P8-4 E9-1 P-912 E8-3 1. Do not include. The item was not sent until Jan 4th, since it is a custom item it is not the customers until it ships. 2. No. The cost was not received until Jan 3. 3. Yes. The item was ordered before Dec 31st, and it was a part of your inventory on hand. 4. No. It should not be included in inventory because since it is on consignment it does not belong to the sender. 5. Yes. The item was received on Dec 28th and you already paid for it P8-4 A. 1700-1400 = 300 1. 100*5.00 = 500 200 *5.10 = 1020 500+1020 = 1520 2. 200*5.80 = 1160 100*5.60 = 560 1160+560 = 1720 3.Total costs 9160/total inventory 1700 = 5.39 300*5.39 = 1617 E9-1 Part Quantity Cost Market Total Cost Total Market Lower of Cost or Market 110 600 95 100 57000 60000 57000 111 1000 60 52 60000 52000 52000 112 500 80 76 40000 38000 38000 113 200 170 180 34000 36000 34000 120 400 205 208 82000 83200 82000 121 1600 16 14 25600 22400 22400 122 300 240 235 72000 70500 70500 370600 362100 355900 a. 355900 b. 362100 P9-12 a. The retail method would be applied if a company has a high volume of items sold at a low prices. Some advantages of using the retail method would be that you do not need to do a physical inventory assessment of each of your items. You can accurately gague how much inventory you have on hand by using a calculation of how much you have sold thus far and subtracting from your beginning...

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Infant Milk Information

...INFANT’S MILK Brand (Nestle) | Standard Preparation | Per scoop | Per 1000 ml | Descriptions | | | Calorie (kcal) | Protein (g) | Fat (g) | Calorie (kcal) | Protein (g) | Fat (g) | | 0-12 monthsLactogen 1 Infant Formula GOS FOS + DHA Gentle Plus700 g = RM 18.35 | Scoop size =4.47 g1 litre = 134 g formula + 900 ml water*Refer to Table 1 | 22.3 | 0.5 | 1.2 | 668.7 | 14.1 | 34.8 | Per 100 gCHO = 55.7 gDHA = 48.0 mgOmega 6 = 4.2 gOmega 3 = 515 mg | 6 months-3 yearsLactogen 2Follow up FormulaLcomfortis +DHA Gentle Plus700g = RM 17.70 | Scoop size =4.7 g1 litre = 141 g formula + 900 ml water7 scoops = 210 ml 3 times per day | 22.3 | 0.7 | 1.0 | 669.8 | 20.2 | 30.9 | Per 100 gCHO = 55.3 gDHA = 40 mgOmega 6 = 3.4 gOmega 3 = 420 mg | 1-3 yearsLactogen 3 GrowLcomfortis + DHAActiv Grow700g = RM 17.40 | 1 litre = 147 g + 900 ml waterServing size : 34 gPer serving : 233 ml = 34 g +210 ml water 1 scoop = 4.9 g = 30 ml7 scoops = 210 ml 3 times per day | 22.3 | 0.7 | 0.9 | 668.9 | 20.1 | 27.3 | Per 100 gCHO = 58.3 gDHA = 27 mgOmega 6 = 2.9 gOmega 3 = 385 mgCalcium = 787 mg | 3-6 yearsLactogen 4 KidLcomfortis + DHAActiv Grow700g = RM 17.40 | 1 litre = 147 g + 900 ml waterServing size : 36 gPer serving : 233 ml = 36 g +210 ml water1 scoop = 5.1 g = 30 ml7 scoops = 210 ml 2-3 times per day | 23.2 | 0.7 | 0.9 | 668.9 | 20.1 | 26.9 | Per 100 gCHO = 58.3 gDHA = 27 mgOmega 6 = 3.0 gOmega 3 = 385 mgCalcium = 712 mg | 1-3 yearsNAN GrowPro Grow, Optipro, Lipid Smart, DHA & ARA700g...

Words: 1139 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Investment Manager

...思想 Articles 中国宪法史上的国旗 余凌云 * 内容提要:在政权的交替之中,每当讨论国旗的改易,都会由立法机关审议通 过,制定专门决议,或者写入宪法,以获得正当性之基础,进而 为执政的合法性做一个脚注。作为国家的识别标志,统一国旗样 式至关重要,还得规范国旗使用的场合、仪式、禁忌等,通过不 断教育、学习、宣传、执法,惩恶扬善。唯有如此,才能激发人 们对民族、国家的认同与忠诚,为之奉献乃至牺牲之精神。 关  键  词:国旗 宪法史 审定 使用 2015 年第 3 期(总第 7 期) 099 中国宪法史上的国旗 一、国旗小史 照当时的国际惯例,没有挂国旗的船只可视为无 (一)初见于晚清 国籍或者海盗船,无法参加国际贸易,所以该船 在中国,旗帜自古有之,最早可以上溯到黄 也像很多中国商船一样在香港注册,升挂了英国 帝。布制旗帜的出现,中国也早于欧洲,据说在 国旗。1856 年 10 月 8 日,因该船涉嫌走私,广 公元前 3000 年就有,用于军事以及寺庙、宗教 东水师捕走了船上的几名水手。英国驻广州领事 仪式。而在欧洲,最早有记载的纺织旗帜,可以 巴夏礼借口广东水师侮辱了英国国旗,挑起事端, 追溯到公元前 400 年,绘制在意大利南部的帕爱 引爆了第二次鸦片战争。5 1 斯图姆 (Paestum) 古城的一个城墙上。 中文里面, 为了使外国人能对“中国官船”一目了然,6 旗的同义词很多, “旌” 有 、 “旂” 、 “旃” 、 “旄” 、 “麾” 避免误会、纠纷;发生争议,“我亦可执彼国之 等。旗帜多用来区别贵贱、等级,以及用在军旅、 例,与之辩论”,总理衙门决意采用国旗,但拿 祭祀、田猎、封番、封疆、朝会等场合。2 国旗,国之旗也。它不是一般的旗帜,是一 个国家的象征和标识。在中国,国旗的出现,却 不准这“是否有碍行军”,遂先与曾国藩等军事 官僚商议, 然后才奏请同治皇帝批准, 1866 年, 于 仿照外制确定了中国第一面国旗,也就是大清黄 是晚清的事,远远晚于欧洲,完全是西化的产物。 龙旗。因为龙旗是皇权的象征,“黄色龙旗”又 对于这段历史,小野寺史郎、施爱东、汪林茂都 有很详尽、细腻的研究。 3 第 一 次 鸦 片 战 争 以 后, 随 着 通 商 口 岸 的 开 和八旗中“正黄旗”的形态接近,为避免僭越, 深谙官场禁忌的曾国藩思虑之后,主动提出将黄 色龙旗削去一角, 7 所以,黄龙旗最初式样为斜 放,西洋船只大量涌入。西方国家普遍使用国旗 幅三角形。 之后, 黄龙旗逐渐被运用到军事、 外交、 来识别其船只和财产,形成了与国家主权有关的 通商等领域。 一套规则,涉及处理纠纷、航运等事务的理路。 1888 年,醇亲王奕譞与李鸿章奏请改为国际 使 用 国 旗 几 乎 具 有 了 护 身 符 的 性 质(talismanic 通行的长方形,他们认为,“旗式以方长为贵, 4 quality)。......

Words: 3858 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay


...Coast Micro | 16,384 | $494 | $30.9 | 2000 | Crucial | 65,536 | $72 | $1.12 | 2005 | Corsair | 1,048,576 | $189 | $0.185 | 2010 | Kingston | 8,388,608 | $99 | $0.0122 | 2013 | Crucial | 16,777,216 | $88 | $0.0054 | In 1957, one bit of RAM cost roughly $49 dollars based on the chart above. Just last year in 2013, the price per bit for ram storage is not even pennies. (My calculator doesn’t go that far, ha.) Cost of Hard Drive Space per GB: In 1980, the price per GB was roughly $100,000. Today, it would not even cost a dollar. Based on the chart above, the space per unit cost has roughly double every 14 months. ”Several terabyte+ drives have recently broken the $0.10/gigabyte barrier, making the next milestone $0.01/gigabyte, or $10/terabyte.” (Komorowski, 2009) With Moore’s law in effect, I believe we will see a 100 TB hard drive within the next twenty years. Engineers at Florida International University have already uncovered a way to break the 2D limitation of magnetic hard drives, by going 3D and drastically increasing the areal density. As of now, they are potentially capping 60 TB per hard...

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...customers add soul to their soles and express their individuality by customizing their own shoes. Nike has a link on their website that allows its customers to customize their own shoes on the internet. If you’re in the middle of your shoe design and have questions about what to do next you can go to the bottom of the Nike homepage where there is a customer service link and through that link you can click NIKEiD and click the link titled Help Building your NIKEiD order. The only problem with this is that this like is not on the NIKEiD page where you actually build your shoe. If you have any difficulties, you can always chat with a NIKEiD agent from Monday to Friday, 7a.m. - 3:50p.m. PST, or call us at 1-866-633-6453 between 5:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m. PST, 7 days a week (Nike, 2008). This would probably be easier because you’ll have someone to go over your questions while looking at the actual page. Nike’s Website helps the company strengthen its relationships with its stakeholders because they can see how Nike is advancing with technology. In any business you have to keep up with the times and what people want. Nike is clearly showing its stakeholder’s that they can stay ahead of their competitors with new ideas and products and with the use of technology. According to the elements of their Website, Nike’s target market seems to be people into sports and/or exercise. If you register to become a member they even ask you about your exercise/sports habits, how often you......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Memory Cost

...| $494 | $30.9 | 2000 [-Crucial-] 65,536 [$72 | $1.12 | 2005 [-Corsair-] 1,048,576 [$189 | $0.185 | 2010 [-Kingston-] 8,388,608 [ $99 | $0.0122 | 2013 [-Crucial-] 16,777,216 [ $88 | $0.0054 | The cost in 1957, for one bit of RAM cost roughly $49 dollars based on the chart above. In the later years the cost has dropped considerably, it’s very affordable for the novice or more sophisticated computer user. Cost of Hard Drive Space per GB. In 1980’s, the price GB was approximately $100,000. Today, it wouldn’t cost a dollar. Based on the figures above, the space per unit cost has roughly double every 14 months. ”Several terabyte+ drives have recently broken the $0.10/gigabyte barrier, making the next milestone $0.01/gigabyte, or $10/terabyte.” (Komorowski, 2009) With Moore’s law in effect, I believe we will see a 100 TB hard drive as soon as 2025. According to engineers at Florida International University they have already uncovered a way to break the 2D limitation of magnetic hard drives, by going 3D and drastically increasing a real solidity. Right now they are potentially capping 60 TB per hard...

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The 10 Biggest Foodborne Illness Outbreaks of 2013.Docx Uploaded Successfully

...The 10 Biggest Foodborne Illness Outbreaks of 2013 Chicken and fresh produce lead the pack BY JAMES ANDREWS | DECEMBER 27, 2013 Editor’s note: 2013 saw dozens of well-publicized foodborne illness outbreaks. While many of them were found to have sickened a handful of individuals, a few stood out as especially wide in scope. Food Safety News has compiled a list of 10 of the biggest U.S. outbreaks in 2013. Please note that the list excludes Norovirus outbreaks and only includes pathogenic outbreaks associated with grocery products or restaurants. Also note that the actual number of outbreak cases is typically much higher than the quoted number due to many victims typically falling ill but never being reported. 10. E. coli O157:H7 from Glass Onion chicken salads, 33 sick. Trader Joe’s customers in four states fell ill after eating one of two pre-made salad products from Glass Onion Catering: the Field Fresh Chopped Salad with Grilled Chicken or the Mexicali Salad with Chili Lime Chicken. At least seven people were hospitalized, with two developing hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a kidney disease associated with severe E. coli infections. 9. Salmonella from Hacienda Don Villo in Channahon, IL, 35 sick. Health investigators traced 35 Salmonella illnesses back to this Mexican restaurant in Grundy County, but they could never pinpoint the exact food source. At least one person was hospitalized, and one employee was among those who tested positive for Salmonella. 8. E. coli...

Words: 3499 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

My Data

...any kind are not allowed.There are five sections of Test Paper: - 1. Section 1 -- English 2. Section 2 -- Mathematics 3. Section 3 -- IQ 4. Section 4 -- General Knowledge 5. Section 5 -- EssayNOTE: 1. You will be required to answer all questions on the given answer sheet. Sample of Answer Sheet is given here. 2. You will be provided Aptitude Test Kit to work. You do not need to carry any thing for the test except your Admit Card. Aptitude Test Kit will include: - * Pencil * Pencil Cutter * Eraser * Scale * Question Paper * Answer Sheet  |  SECTION # 01 -- English | This section includes following areas: - 1. Language (5 Minutes, 15 Questions) 2. Grammar (10 Minutes, 10 Questions) 3. Comprehension (15 Minutes, 10 Questions) |  Language |   | 1- Synonyms a. Opposite b. Appropriate c. Confuse d. Same in the meaning | 2- Amplitude a. Largeness b. Short Fall c. Deficit d. Ingenuity | |   |  Grammar | Choose the answer that best expresses the meaning of original sentence: | 1. With the exception of Frank and I, every one in the class finished the assignment before the bell rang. 2. Frank and I, everyone in the class finished 3. Frank and me, everyone in the class finished 4. Frank and me, everyone in the class had finished 5. Frank and I, everyone in the class had finished |  Comprehension | Two pages of text to be read in ten minutes, followed by ten questions to be answered...

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Anti Federalism Dbq to the fears of the anti federalists was clearly laid in the Federalist papers. Specifically, we see Federalist Paper author James Madison combat the Anti Federalists fears in Federalist Papers 14, 10, and 51. In Federalist 14, Madison argues against the idea that the United States is too large to function as an effective republic. Anti-Federalists believe that the people are the power in a republic, and the people must properly be represented by people who share their values and beliefs. Madison argues for this, but adds his own theory on the issue: “in a republic, they assemble and administer it by their representatives and agents. A republic may be extended over a large region”(Madison, 95). By this statement, Madison keeps the benefits of a Montiquesian theory, but believes that the representatives elected by the people as can still give people the power to rule over government, even with the addition of a strong national government. Similarly, Madison believed that Representatives from each state, joined together on a national scale, could properly represent all Americans interests. Madison also goes on to encourage Americans to dream big, even though a successful large republic is a “novelty”(Madison, 99), and has yet to be perfected. Next in Federalist 10, Madison tends to the remedy regarding factions. In order to correct “factious spirits that have tainted our public administrations”(Madison, 72), the government must control the effects of factions. He......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...timber Contents page 1. Background information * Bunnings warehouse * Mite10 * Home timber and hardware 2. Bunnings warehouse * Structural Factors 3. Technical Factors 4. Environmental factors 5. Environmental Factors 6. Sociological Factors 7. Personnel Issues 8. Workplace Health and Safety 9. Mitre 10 * Structural Factors 10. Technical Factors 11. Environmental Factors 12. Sociological Factors 13. Personnel issues 14. Workplace Health and safety 15. Home Timber and Hardware * Structural Factors 16. Technical Factors 17. Environmental factors 18. Sociological factors 19. Personnel issues 20. Workplace health and safety Background Information The industry in hardware is growing in Australia, and with three main companies all fighting to be number one it provides customers with great prices and great products. Bunnings warehouse, mitre 10 and home timber and hardware all have one thing in common and that is to provide every customer with the best service and products. In this industry study I will provide information on each hardware. Allowing customers to create an insight into the business. Bunnings warehouse Bunnings started in 1886 Western Australia by Arthur & Robert the Bunnings bros where they bought their first sawmill. Bunnings expanded in the WA market, adding building supplies to the existing timber business.......

Words: 5727 - Pages: 23

Free Essay


...Players employ many different offensive strategies with different goals. Most basic strategies are an attempt to create open lanes on the field for the exchange of the disc between the thrower and the receiver. Organized teams assign positions to the players based on their specific strengths. Designated throwers are called handlers and designated receivers are called cutters. The amount of autonomy or overlap between these positions depends on the make-up of the team. Vertical stack[edit] One of the most common offensive strategies is the vertical stack. In this strategy, a number of offensive players line up between the disc and the end zone they are attacking. From this position, players in the stack make cuts (sudden sprints) into the space available, attempting to get open and receive the disc. The stack generally lines up in the middle of the field, thereby opening up two lanes along the sidelines for cuts, although a captain may occasionally call for the stack to line up closer to one sideline, leaving open just one larger cutting lane on the other side. Variations of the vertical stack include the Side Stack, where the stack is moved to a sideline and one player is isolated in the open space, and the Split Stack, where players are split between two stacks, one on either sideline. In vertical stack offenses, one player usually plays the role of 'dump', offering a reset option which sets up behind the player with the disc. Horizontal stack[edit] Another popular......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Federalist 10 Essay

...During the ratification process of the United States Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay published a series of anonymous articles in the New York Times. Published under the name Publius, "The Federalist Papers," as they were called, advocated for the ratification of the new Constitution by New York State. Each of the papers, therefore, outlines the benefits of one united nation, as well as the interests of, and supported by, the proposed government. Written by Madison, Federalist Paper No. 10, generally considered one of the most important articles, concerns itself with the problems of and plausible solutions for the formation of factions. Through multiple assertions concerning the dangers of factions and the benefits of a republic, Madison formed one of the major arguments in favor of the United States Constitution. Federalist No. 10, titled "The Same Subject Continued: The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection," expanded on dangers of factions outlined by Hamilton in Federalist No. 9. Defined by Madison as, "A number of citizens, whether amounting to a minority or majority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion or interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community" (Madison), factions are comparable to the modern day interest or lobby groups. That is to say, Madison defined factions as groups of people with...

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6