13b - Distribution and Constituents of Fluids P3 M2

In: Other Topics

Submitted By abbie140896
Words 2877
Pages 12
13B – Distribution and constituents of fluids

P3: Distribution and constituents of body fluids –
M2: Explain functions of the constituents of body fluids -

Constituents of body fluid -

The human body consists mostly of water, and is a major constituent to the human body and vital organs; of this 90% include blood plasma, lymph, urine, saliva, digestive juices, bile, cerebrospinal fluid and tissue fluid. Water enables substances to be transported throughout the body, red blood cells for example, as wells as supplying the medium required for metabolic reaction to take place (respiration). Without water the progression of these fluids would not be possible. Water is constantly being transported between the fluid compartments of the body.

Water has five main functions in the body, of which includes:

• 'Cell life - distribute nutrients to cells i.e. vitamins, minerals and glucose
• Chemical and metabolic reactions - removal of waste products (toxins) from the organs
• Transport of nutrients – participates in the breakdown of food
• Body temperature regulation - water has a large heat capacity that allows it to help limit any changes to an individual's body temperature in a certain environment. For example the release of heat when the surrounding temperature is higher than body temperature
• Elimination of waste'

Urea –

Urea is an organic molecule made up of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen. Urea is a common constituent of blood and other various bodily fluids, and is formed from ammonia in the kidney and liver. Ammonia is produced through the breakdown of proteins during tissue metabolism.
Metabolic reactions that take place within the body can produce a surplus of amino acids of which can be converted into the waste product otherwise known as urea through the process of deamination in the liver. Proteins obtained through an…...

Similar Documents

Fluids

...   It   is generally  known  that  water  boils  at   100°C,  but  really  that  is  only  true  if  the  water  is  at  a pressure  of If  the  water  pressure  increases  so  too  does  its  boiling  point, and  vice  versa.  The  relationship  between  pressure  and  temperature  of boiling  water  can  be plotted  on  a  so-called  transition  or phase  diagram  (Figure  1).  In  this  lab,  the  boiling  of water will be studied  and  plotted on a transition  diagram. Liquid 9 s \ 1- Solid A J    Vapour / i! ! 0.01 Temperature Figure  1:   Phase  Diagram  of Water TM PDF Editor Lab Worksheet Apparatus The  apparatus comprises  a  boiler and  a  heating element  (Figure  2).  The  boiler (and  the fluid it  contains)  is  separated  from  the  surroundings  by  isolating valves. Pressure Saturated vapour \ valve T1 Filling point Isolating valve Viewing  port Boiler Heating  elements Figure  2 TH3  Saturation  Pressure  Apparatus In   setting  up   the   laboratory,   the   water   is   boiled   with  the   isolating  valves  open.   Vapour leaves  the  system,  pushing  out  any  atmospheric  gases  (oxygen  and  nitrogen).  During  your experimental   work,   you   will   heat   the   vessel   and   then   allow   it   to   cool,   monitoring   the temperature and  pressure as you do so. Measurement  Devices Temperature  measurement Platinum   resistance  thermometers  are......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Fluid Mechanics

...This is page i Printer: Opaque this A Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Alexandre Chorin Department of Mathematics University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California 94720-3840, USA Jerrold E. Marsden Control and Dynamical Systems, 107-81 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125, USA ii iii A Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics iv Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Chorin, Alexandre A Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Third Edition (Texts in Applied Mathematics) Bibliography: in frontmatter Includes. 1. Fluid dynamics (Mathematics) 2. Dynamics (Mathematics) I. Marsden, Jerrold E. II. Title. III. Series. ISBN 0-387 97300-1 American Mathematics Society (MOS) Subject Classification (1980): 76-01, 76C05, 76D05, 76N05, 76N15 Copyright 1992 by Springer-Verlag Publishing Company, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher, Springer-Verlag Publishing Company, Inc., 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010. Typesetting and illustrations prepared by June Meyermann, Gregory Kubota, and Wendy McKay The cover illustration shows a computer simulation of a shock diffraction by a pair of cylinders, by John Bell, Phillip Colella, William Crutchfield, Richard Pember, and Michael......

Words: 50231 - Pages: 201

Health and Social Care P3, M2 and D1

...P3- There is many different strategies that can be used to minimise the effect(s) of challenging behaviour in health and social care. Some of these strategies have a bigger impact on children, depending on the children(s) behaviour. Such strategies include; Naughty chair, speaking (feeling and emotion), 2 warnings, these are all sanctions, which are implemented in home and schools, such as the 3 warnings. When the children/child has done the sanction appropriate for the behaviour a reward should be put in place, such as a reward chart, meaning to stars and you get a bag of sweets, or a day out etc. Having these sanctions in place along with the reward chart, means that the child will be told off, and have time to reflect on their actions, however because they’ll know they’ve been had they will get a treat for being good. These strategies teach the child/children discipline which every child needs, when in a family home, discipline key, so that everyday work/ life with children should be rewarding not hard work. When the reward charts are used alongside the sanctions, it gains trust and understanding for both the parent(s) and child(ren). M2- In a health and social care environment such as a family home, the naughty chair will be a good one to use, as it will be a time out seat, and a place for the child to reflect on what they have done wrong. For this to be carried out, you will need a chair that is only used as the naughty chair, otherwise if you use the chair......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Unit 3 Introduction to Marketing P3 M2 D2

...P3-Describe how a selected organisation uses marketing research to contribute to the development of its marketing plans In this section of the unit the investigation of the marketing research used by Kellogg’s will be shown through thorough research and evaluation also how it links in to the development of Kellogg’s marketing plans. The Purpose of Market Research Marketing research is what informs business’s make decisions by helping it to understand the changing dynamics of its market. This involves finding out more about customers, competitors and the overall marketing environment. The purpose of doing this is to gather data on customers and potential customers. The pure definition of market research is systematically gathering, recording and analysing data and also about the issues relating to marketing products and services. There are two types of research’s that can be conducted: * Primary * Secondary These research can then be formed into either quantitative or qualitative Primary Research Primary research is data and information that the business has gathered first-hand and has not been gathered before. Internal primary research data sources include: * Sales figures for the business’s own products * Customer data held on a central database. External primary research methods include: * Questionnaires and Surveys * Interviews and Focus Groups * Mystery Shoppers, And other observation techniques. Secondary Research......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

Unit 9 – P3 – M2 Business Lvl3

...Unit 9 – P3 – M2 This assignment will describe the role of advertising agencies and the media in development of a promotional campaign. P3: An advertisement agency is a service that is dedicated to creating, planning and handling advertisement and other forms of promotion for its clients. The President (CEO): The CEO is the main chairman of the company, usually the person who founded the company. Account services: In this particular campaign the Agency appointed the account executive to liaise with the clients. The account executives need to be sufficiently aware of the client's needs and desires that can be instructed to the agency's personnel and should get approval from the clients on the agency's recommendations to the clients. The account manager will develop a creative brief, usually about a page that gives direction to the creative team. The creative brief often includes information about the target audience and their attitudes and behaviours. The creative team will take the brief and, aware of their parameters; develop original copy and graphics depending on media strategy. Media Services: In this particular campaign the media services department may not be so well known, but its employees are the people who have contacts with the suppliers of various creative media. For example, they advised upon and negotiate with printers because the agency is producing flyers for the client. However, when dealing with the major media (broadcast media, outdoor, and the......

Words: 1381 - Pages: 6

P3, M2, D1 Nutriton

...In this piece of writing I am going to assess how influences on dietary intake may affect the nutritional health of individuals and then I am going to make realistic recommendations for minimising negative influences on individuals in a specific health and social care setting. Elizabeth is an elderly lady who is suffering from arthritis this means that she isn’t able to carry things with her hands because her bones are weak and also she also struggles to do many different things on a daily basis so she has domiciliary care. Elizabeth is living alone in a block of flats and when the carers come to her flat they only come twice a day and each time this is only for 15 minutes because they are only there for short amount of time they wouldn’t be able to prepare a good meal for her to eat they would most likely be preparing her microwave meals because they are faster to make and they also have time to ensure that she eat the food. This will have an impact on Elizabeth’s nutritional health because if she is only getting microwave meals these are high in fat and sugar so this will mean that because she can’t cook food for herself she won’t be getting a variety of different foods and also a variety of different nutrition’s. this could mean that Elizabeth’s condition could become worse because she is already suffering with weak bones so if she isn’t having a good intake of calcium this could then make her condition deterate because of the low amount of calcium that she is in......

Words: 418 - Pages: 2

12b - the Factors That Affect Health Status and Patterns of Ill Health P3, P4, M2, D1

...The Factors that Affect Health Status and Patterns of Ill Health P3: Describe current patterns of health and how they are monitored – Patterns of ill health in the UK are monitored through the use of statistics. The UK National Statistic organisation is responsible for producing these statistics in order to illustrate and identify patterns of ill health within the UK. Government statistical departments play a vital role in identifying and monitoring patterns of ill health in the UK, of which include: • The Department of Health • Health and Safety Executive • NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care Statistics can be collected from records such as birth certificates, the death register and hospital admissions records. Records can be used for further analysis in order to gain more specific information, for example the weight of a new-born baby, or the reason an individual was admitted into hospital. The government has made the use of having these records available a legal requirement so that the statistics may be available when they are required. Statistics can be collected through the use of surveys, i.e. the national census of which is held every 10 years in the UK by the government. The national census survey has been in place since 1801 and takes into account each individual within a household. It is able to provide an outline of the UK which enables us to compare geographical areas. However statistics are not always accurate for what they......

Words: 5749 - Pages: 23

12b - the Factors That Affect Health Status and Patterns of Ill Health P3, P4, M2, D1

...The Factors that Affect Health Status and Patterns of Ill Health P3: Describe current patterns of health and how they are monitored – Patterns of ill health in the UK are monitored through the use of statistics. The UK National Statistic organisation is responsible for producing these statistics in order to illustrate and identify patterns of ill health within the UK. Government statistical departments play a vital role in identifying and monitoring patterns of ill health in the UK, of which include: • The Department of Health • Health and Safety Executive • NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care Statistics can be collected from records such as birth certificates, the death register and hospital admissions records. Records can be used for further analysis in order to gain more specific information, for example the weight of a new-born baby, or the reason an individual was admitted into hospital. The government has made the use of having these records available a legal requirement so that the statistics may be available when they are required. Statistics can be collected through the use of surveys, i.e. the national census of which is held every 10 years in the UK by the government. The national census survey has been in place since 1801 and takes into account each individual within a household. It is able to provide an outline of the UK which enables us to compare geographical areas. However statistics are not always accurate for what they......

Words: 5749 - Pages: 23

Health and Social Care- Case Study- P3/P4/M2/D2

...Case Study | Describe ways in which care workers can empower Individuals (P3)Explain why it is important to take individual circumstances into account when planning care that will empower an individual, using relevant example from health and social care (P4)Discuss the extent to which individual circumstances can be taken into account when planning care that will empower them, using relevant examples from health and social care (M2)Assess the potential difficulties in taking individual circumstances into account when planning care that will empower an individual, making suggestions for improvement (D2) | Gemma | The staff could try empowering Gemma by: * Encouraging the child to use effort in producing work where praise is given this is getting the child to begin to be empowered. The school will support Gemma to empower her to cope with her emotions; such support enables them to see themselves as they are now highly competent. Examples of this could be, “You can do it! I believe in you”. Words of encouragement will make all the difference. * Hearing impairment will have difficulties to hear leading to noise distorted sound causing poor ill ears, this is why a hearing aid will benefit and help Gemma. The effects of this barrier to communication can cause difficulty on following what has been said. * Gemma may also be empowered through environmental barriers. This could be things such as lighting if poor quality prevents lip reading and other messages being picked up......

Words: 1345 - Pages: 6

P3 M2 D1 Patterns and Trends in Health and Ilness Among Diffrent Social Groups

...P3 Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings Gender Men and women have different levels of risks of getting mental illnesses such as alcohol dependency. This is “more than twice as high in men than women. In developed countries, approximately 1 in 5 men and 1 in 12 women develop alcohol dependence during their lives” WHO 2015. This clearly shows that men and women have different risks when it comes to health and illness. Men are also twice as likely to have personality disorders, but women are more likely to have anxiety and depression than men are. Women have more accounts of sexual harassment and rape and this has a knock on effect to the amount of people with depression. Social class Different social classes have different levels of financial stability, which is also directly linked to the health care that is available and the housing and area in which they live. People in the lower class have higher levels of illness and bad health, as they cannot afford private healthcare so would then have to wait for appointments and go to public hospitals where they may be very busy and have a low amount of appointments available. Also people from the lower class may not be eating as well as others as they are on a strict budget this means they may be missing certain vitamins and minerals from their diet. Eating cheap microwave meals and processed food is not as good as eating fresh meals and organic fruit and vegetables. Table –......

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Unit 27 P3 M2

...Health and Safety Handbook By Fajar Hassan Health and Safety Handbook By Fajar Hassan Contents 1. Introduction 2. First aider –Aslan (first aider) 3. Mike Gallagher – programme manager 4. Dawn Hamilton - vice principle of staffing, resources and infrastructure First aider – Aslan (First aider) Aslan is the first aider at Leyton Sixth Form College and works regularly. He is responsible for staff students etc. whoever is at the college if something happens. The health safety team has a meeting every 6 weeks where they need to discuss certain things about the college if they need to change anything whether is running well or not. To become a first aider, you need to be well trained. Their job is to have a safe environment so when some is unwell or injured they feel out of any risk. His job is to look after people who are unwell, injured, fainted, allergic reactions lastly, people with medical conditions. Most importantly students with disabilities should be looked after very well as anything could happen to them therefore it is essential to react immediately. As he is a first aider along these lines he is one of the primary persons who is in charge of our wellbeing and security in the college. In this way, he will definitely know who needs imagine a scenario where they have an inability or any kind of medicinal condition. Therefore, he will already know who needs what if they have a disability or any type of medical condition. In this way, he will......

Words: 1216 - Pages: 5

P3, M2 and D1 Nutrition Unit

...P3 and M2 A possible influence on Mr. Kumar’s diet would be the fact that he is Hindu. This would come under the category of cultural, as this is his religion. Most Hindu’s do not eat beef but others will only eat it if it comes from the animals sacrificed in rituals (ask.com). It is possible that the fact that he is a widower may make a difference to his diet because it could have been possible that his wife used to cook him most of his food and therefore when she passed away part of his lifestyle changed as his family dynamics changed therefore he is not able to cook for himself. He also has type 2 diabetes and this would come under a health factor, this will mean he doesn’t have to completely exclude sugary foods from his diet but he must have less than other people and they and avoid and limit them as much as the can. It is important he has enough starch, carbs as well as fruit and vegetables. (Nhs.uk) Another point coming under the category of lifestyle would be how much exercise he does, this would affect his diet. He does not do much exercise except a little bit of walking each week meaning he is not burning many calories away, this adds to the fact that he should possibly try and live a healthier life style with what he eats. He is apart of HomeLink and this is also part of lifestyle because although he may struggle with dinner he is always guaranteed a hot lunch cooked for him in HomeLink and as for dinner he will go to his daughters who live in a ‘granny......

Words: 2237 - Pages: 9

P3 P4 M2 D2

...P4- Outline key legislation and regulations, which govern safeguarding adult work. Key legislations and regulations which govern safeguarding adults workIn health and social care this means: | M2- Describe legislations and regulations in health and social care used to reduce the risk of two types of abuse. PHYSICAL ABUSE | M2- Describe legislations and regulations in health and social care used to reduce the risk of two types of abuse.SELF HARM | Safeguarding vulnerable groups Act 2006This legislation is to ensure that people who work with vulnerable people such as babies, children and elderly adults should be checked with the ISA to see who is not allowed to work with children this may be because they might have a criminal record in the past to do with abusing vulnerable people therefore they are barred from working with vulnerable people. | This ensures that staffs that have a previous conviction of harming others with convictions of such as GBH or ABH are reviewed before given a job. It prevents staffs that have harmed others before from harming more people at the residential care home. They may be banned from working with vulnerable people and unless checks are done the organisation will never know and someone could potentially be a victim of abuse. | | The rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974This legislation plays a role in health and social care because it takes into account the employees past criminal offences or to see if any offences have been seen as......

Words: 1256 - Pages: 6

Fluids

...shall begin by studying incompressible flow problems. Of course all fluids are, to some extent, compressible but under steady flow conditions we may assume that the effects of changes in fluid density are small. In fact, it is the velocity of the fluid that dictates whether changes in density are significant and must be accounted for. In Chapter 6 we shall quantify the velocity limit, below which may assume that the fluid is incompressible; however, the majority of fluid flow problems that you are likely to encounter may be assumed to be incompressible. We shall focus in this chapter on incompressible flow, and on problems in which the fluid is bounded by a surface (we shall call this internal flow); the next chapter will focus on unbounded (or external) fluid flow problems. Both chapters will study real fluid flows and do this by taking into account the effects of viscosity. To do this we must examine how fluids interact with boundaries and here the concept of zero fluid velocity on a surface (boundary) is important. Once we have an understanding of how real fluid flows behave – and see how difficult it is to analyses turbulent flows –then in Chapters 4 and 5 we shall turn our attention to modelling techniques useful for examining simple fluid flow problems commonly found in engineering. Accordingly, this chapter will look at laminar and turbulent bounded fluid flows. We shall focus on pipe flow as this represents a classic......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Fluids

...CVEN 3100: Fluid Mechanics Fluid Properties: Review Questions 1. What is the definition of a fluid? A substance that deforms continuously when acted on by a shearing stress of any magnitude. 2. Normal force per unit area in a fluid is called what? Pressure 3. True or False: - Static fluids are not subjected to shear force at any time. T 4. True or False: - Normal forces can occur in a fluid whether it is static or Moving T 5. What is the relation between absolute pressure and gage pressure? Absolute pressure can be found from the gage pressure by adding the value of the atmospheric pressure. 6. What formula is used to calculate density of gases? Identify the parameters in the formula p/RT 7. Define specific weight. What is relation to density? Weight per unit volume. Multiply by gravity 8. Because of viscosity, what happens when a fluid tries to flow? It resists and does not flow quick 9. What is kinematic viscosity? The ratio of absolute viscosity to density 10. State the Newton’s law of viscosity and express it mathematically. Change in velocity over distance which velocity changes. Du/dy 11. What is the purpose of lubricating metal hinges? 12. Why does viscosity of liquids decrease with temperature? Molecules are spread further apart 13. Why does viscosity of gases increase with temperature? Molecular activity increases 14. What is an ideal fluid? A fluid that......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3