Free Essay

1920's

In: Historical Events

Submitted By xlostloverx
Words 865
Pages 4
The era of the 1920’s sparked new ideas and perspectives in American people. Some considered this to be a development that would help to shape the nation; while others were concerned that traditional ideals and values would be lost with the changing times. The post – war time period in America was one of great controversy, with modernism on one side and conventionalism on the other. As America journeyed through the 1920’s, a power struggle between conservatives and liberals came to light due to the past events of World War I, the Progressive Era, and the Industrial Revolution. This tension was shown with a shift in viewpoints about immigration, foreign diplomacy, women’s role in the country, and the social aspects of American life. World War I had been a war unlike any other that America had been involved in thus far. It shed the archaic beliefs of isolationism and put the nation in a global spotlight as a major world super power. However, a portion of America still believed in seclusion, as shown when America chose not to join the League of Nations after much controversy in the Senate over the ratification of the post – war Treaty of Versailles in 1919. This was the first strike of tension in America due to the war effort. Additionally, the “Red Scare”, caused by Communism in Russia during the “Great War”, changed citizens’ ideas about immigrants. The once open - minded, diversified nation now began to adopt the theory of “Americanism.” Many wanted majority of Americans to solely be white, Anglo – Saxon Protestants. The article written by Hiram Wesley Evans, “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism”, featured in March, 1926 issue of The North American Review demonstrates this new attitude by explaining the fearsome Ku Klux Klan’s goal of solely commonplace American citizens. The Klan terrorized a large range of people: from Italians to African Americans, from Catholics to Jewish, from immigrants to draft dodgers. The members of this group wanted to seize power from radicals, making them a prime example of tension builders between old – age and new – age beliefs. World War I caused tension because of differing beliefs in foreign policy, including both diplomacy and immigration. “Americanism” and isolationism began to clash with diversification and alliances.
Ideas lingering from the Progressive Era of the late 1800’s and early 1900’s also catalyzed tension between Americans. Women began to call for a larger role in the society, something commonly argued about. Many supported women’s appeal for suffrage, however others believed women belonged at home performing domestic roles. Nonetheless, women were granted the right to vote in 1920 with the Nineteenth Amendment, forever changing societal ways despite the fact that some conservatives were against this. Women’s increased roles in the nation are expressed in “Women Smokers” published in the New York Times in 1928 in which the National W.C.T.U is developing research on the dangers of smoking. Previously this type of scientific progress would have been restricted to men. Another example of tension caused by progressive ideas was Prohibition, the 18th Amendment of the Constitution that banned the “manufacture, sale, and transportation” of alcoholic beverages. Classic American citizens, such as Protestants, supported this ratification. They believed alcohol was the root of corruption in the nation. However, more modern Americans, such as immigrants, did not. The formation of underground alcohol consumption and conflicting ideas suggested strain within the nation. Progressive ideas created differing attitudes on modern reform and traditional values. Another brewery for tension was the second Industrial Revolution of America. Not only did it reshape economic conditions of the country, but also it changed the nation socially as well. The second Industrial Revolution led to a plethora of inventions including the automobile, radio, and the idea of daylight savings time. This greatly impacted the family life of American, concerning conservatives. Transportation was updated, giving citizens more freedom as shown by the painting “The Bridge” by Joseph Stella. Families could be separated further by distance now and children could venture from home. Listening to comedies and newscasts the radio replaced other common family activities. A statistical chart of marriage and divorce proved that divorce was becoming more a commonplace than it used to be. This could be caused by more time spent working, which could deteriorate the sense of unity between two people. These statistics greatly disquieted conservatives who believed divorce should still be a scandalous term instead of a banal one. The second Industrial Revolution also created an influx of population to the cities. By the time of the 1920’s census it was proved that there were more people residing in cities compared to rural areas. This also disturbed those who believed the modern city was a place of demoralized values that could lead to the demise of American citizens. The second Industrial Revolution sparked tension because it gave conservatives a reason to be apprehensive about where the nation was headed. Tension between those wishing to remain in the traditional American lifestyle and those striving to progress was caused by three factors: World War I, the Progressive Era, and the second Industrial Revolution. All brought the controversial viewpoints of foreign relations and social habits into the public eye.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

1920's

...Kyle Carey 1920s Research paper Mrs. Staples March 17, 2015 The 1920s was a time of prosperity and economic growth. It was a time right after the end of WW1 which was a factor in the immigration controversy during this time period. There was a large amount of controversy on immigration in the 1920s, many of it because of WW1 the thought of our enemies living in our own country scared us. Although there were some negative things that happened in the Roaring Twenties, there were many positive things that happened. Women started getting jobs that only men had before, and the assembly line made it easier to mass produce household appliances and cars, and instead of those things being luxuries like they had been before, they became necessities. After the war people started perceiving the world in different ways. The First World War had a tremendous impact on the women in the 1920s. Because when many men were off to the war someone had to fill those jobs, those people turned out to be women. This made women realize that they could do the same things as men; it made them want the same rights. They reacted to this realization by protesting about how they weren’t represented in government because of their inability to vote. One of the main suffragettes was Alice Paul, she began her push for women’s suffrage in America in the early 1900s with The National American Woman’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA).Then she eventually decided they weren’t doing enough......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Life In The 1920's

...An Age Filled With Mirages The 1920's, a time where "men would have hip flasks of hooch while lazily listening to the soothing jazz music that was been played in the speakeasies, women with bobbed hair and short skirts would dance sensually the Charleston …’’ In other words, life in this decade was filled with passion, excitement and wild parties. Life in the 20's was affected by certain factors: prohibition, the economic boom and the social change. On January 16, 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution (ratified in 1919) went into effect. The Eighteen Amendment (also known as the Volstead Act), prohibited the manufacture, transportation or sale of any liquor. The act led to the closure of every bar and tavern in the United States,...

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Corrupting The Bubble In The 1920's

...nonetheless, they believed that tomorrow would be better than today in this decade of so called “optimism.” Americans believed that the 1920’s were all about life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, but ultimately through the course of the roaring era this ideal was completely diminished. America’s streets were supposed to be “paved with gold”, but were they really? Beneath the 1920’s stood a huge bubble that was about to burst, but no one opened their eyes to see the reality of what was happening. By examining the corruption underlying its roaring aspects, it is evident that the roaring 20’s were not as glamorous as they appeared, consequently laying...

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The 1920's: The Flapper Lifestyle

...The 1920’s is a very important time in American History. No decade saw as much change in regards to the role of women in society as the roaring twenties. Men and women each have a unique role in society, and likewise also share many roles equally. Up until this point in American History women were oppressed by a male dominated society and intern were not given the rights, respect, and freedom they deserved. The 1920’s marked the beginning of a great event in which women began stepping up and having a voice. It was a time of liberation for most women. One part of this liberation included the Flapper lifestyle. This lifestyle, not only helped change the role of women outside of the home, but also affected the female influence in politics. The Flapper Lifestyle was a trend that took America by...

Words: 946 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Flappers In The 1920's Essay

...The Roaring Twenties was a lively period in history full of lifestyle changes and economic responsibilities. It was classified as “roaring” because of the animated culture of the generation; and while this era seems to portray partying and drinking, it was a critical decade for the advancement of civil rights for men and women. During the 1920’s, women took significant steps towards this equality they desired by enjoying all aspects of their lives, involving themselves both socially and politically, and inspiring young women to act upon their ambitions. Consequently, flappers have revolutionized the way women are viewed in today's society. Women of this generation formed a new type of feminism; they were scandalizing older generations by leaving...

Words: 1141 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psychology During The 1920's

...The 1920’s were a time of prosperity and social revision, the economy was flourishing, invention of technological advances, and change in societal structures. Women started to gain more rights and became less reserved about how they dressed and acted. They that went against the conventions of how a lady should be like, called Flappers. The public considered them lively, confident, and revolutionary. On the other hand, America was just recovering from World War I and numerous soldiers came back with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other medical conditions. Doctors and Psychiatrists started to take an inside look into why people contracted these illnesses. Certain historical events change certain values, theories, technological, and...

Words: 785 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Laundering In The 1920's Essay

...The 1920s was considered the Roaring 20s, the start of a new era (Elliot). Drinking, gambling, gangsters, mafia, and women's rights became the news that everyone would hear over a century. With the Prohibition Act in place, there was a plethora of secret clubs and bars in back alleys and under businesses; laundering came to be very popular among criminals. Laundering is the word to conceal the origins of (money obtained illegally) by transfers involving foreign banks or legitimate businesses. The gangster Al Capone basically invented the definition, for he brought out a ton of laundromats and would take the money he made and then go to the bank. If he would make $2,000, he would then say he made $12,000 and the banks would give it to him. Around this time music really took a turn for the best, jazz players, blues bands, and swing; the rocking beat that the flappers would dance and swing too. Times were different then, some say next to the 80s; the 20s was the best time for adolescents. Entertainment and pop...

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Traditionalism Vs. Modernism In The 1920's

...Traditional views vs. Modernism The 1920’s were a time of great change in the United States of America. There were many new idea on how things should work socially, politically and economically. Many of these ideas created conflicts between modern and traditional views. Traditional views included of having a strong faith, did not believe science over faith, in support of the prohibition, and found jazz music and the flapper culture distasteful. On the other side modern views included of favoring science over faith, disagreed with the prohibition, and was in favor of jazz music and the flapper culture. The 1920’s was an exciting time in America, however there was a immense clash between modern and traditional views. One of the most contradicting views that these two groups had was whether to believe religion over science or vice versa. Traditionalist favored religion while modernist favored science. In a Tennessee high school in the year of 1925, John Scopes; a substitute teacher, was accused of teaching evolution to a state funded school. This went against Tennessee’s Butler Act, which stated that it was unlawful to teach...

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Main Cause Of The Roaring 1920's

...The roaring 20s, also known as the jazz age, was full of new modern technology and goods. Everything was the same. People bought the same stuff, listened to the same music, did the same dances, and even spoke the same. The main cause of the roaring 20s is the economic growth. Many Americans had extra money to spend, which they spent on clothes, home appliances, and other consumer goods. By the end of the era, more than 12 million households owned a radio. Automobile businesses, such as service stations and motels, started popping up everywhere due to the car being the most bought consumer product. It was a time when prohibition was defied, new styles of dressing and dancing were invented, and traditional moral standards were ignored. During...

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Tensions In American Society During The 1920's

...In this unit you will learn about the tensions in American Society following WWI. The 1920’s are often remembered for the upbeat, boisterous characteristics that earned the decade of its nickname, the “ Roaring Twenties”. However, while impressions of the “ Roaring Twenties” prosperity are accurate, the decade also saw economic recession labor unrest and an increase in discrimination, anti-communist sentiment (feelings), anti- immigration legislation (laws), and racial violence rose during this tumultuous decade. As WWI ended, Americans were eager to “ return to normalcy,” meaning the return of traditional gender roles, the need for family stability and other traditional biblical norms those Americans who pushed for these ideas were called “ Traditionalists” and “ Fundamentalists”....

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

A Watershed Decade In American History In The 1920's

...The Roaring Twenties The 1920s was a watershed decade in American history. The era is largely defined by a culture war between traditional fundamentalists and liberal-minded urbanites, as defined within this courses content. The 1920s is also often seen as a decade of prosperity for the U.S. economy and a large part of that supposed success came from the use of mass production and mass consumption. There were many things that defined this era in American History. A few of these things were, Prohibition, The rise of the Ku Klux Klan, Evolution and the scopes “Monkey” trial, Mass Consumerism and Changing attitudes about gender roles, sex, and Women’s rights just to name a few. These things have affected American history as we know it today, some...

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Women of the 1920’s: the True Beginning of Women’s Liberation

...Women of the 1920’s: The true beginning of women’s liberation Amy K. Breitkreitz HIS204: American History Since 1865 Instructor Cora Dunaway December 22, 2014 The 1920’s presented America with some very turbulent times and issues. The true beginning of women’s liberation began during these eras; from women entering the workplace, to being awarded the privilege to vote and stepping out into the social scene causing eyebrows to be raised by their actions. The women of these eras did not realize it then, but they were laying the foundation for American women in the future to become independent, as well as political and workforce pillars in American society. The brave women of the 1920’s suffered great injustices, but persevered to become some of the greatest women in American history in all aspects of life such as politics, marriage, jobs and self-expression. Women who were referred to as flappers started the change in self-expression. Some were considered rebellious by their peers, mostly the older generation, due to their newfound scantily clad bodies and what were considered actions that challenged the morals put in place by society; the flappers transformed what was considered the proper woman into her own person. The less clothing, the shorter the hair, the heavier the makeup the better (Bliven, 1925). In my opinion, it was as time of women breaking free from the molds of what society thought they should be; a time of finding who they were, or letting......

Words: 1744 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

How Far Were the Policies of the Republican Party the Main Reason for America’s Economic Success in the 1920’s

...How far were the policies of the Republican Party the main reason for America’s economic success in the 1920’s [50 marks] Although America remained neutral and did not join World War One until 1917, they were already increasing their country’s profits by selling goods such as: weapons, food, equipment and other ammunition to both sides of the war. During World War One, as well as selling goods, America became ‘the banker’ to the rest of the world: loaning countries money at a very high interest. According to the First World War commissions “Britain, France and Italy owed the USA $22 billion plus interest”, this is showing that USA was at a very stable place financially even before the 1920s began. When the war ended Woodrow Wilson put forward his 14 Points which included a League of Nations. The League of Nations’ overall aim was to prevent war from breaking out again. America’s congress at the time decided that it would be best for America in the long run not to join the League of Nations because, congress believed that the USA should not interfere in any European or world affairs. Refusal to join the League of Nations made America an isolationist country. When Warren G. Harding won the presidential election and became president in 1921 a political party called the Republicans took over from the Democrats and the American government. 1920s America was known as the ‘Roaring twenties’ because of the entertainment and the crazes sweeping the country. There were lots......

Words: 2565 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

How Far Were the Policies of the Republican Party the Main Reason for America’s Economic Success in the 1920’s

...How far were the policies of the Republican Party the main reason for America’s economic success in the 1920’s [50 marks] Although America remained neutral and did not join World War One until 1917, they were already increasing their country’s profits by selling goods such as: weapons, food, equipment and other ammunition to both sides of the war. During World War One, as well as selling goods, America became ‘the banker’ to the rest of the world: loaning countries money at a very high interest. According to the First World War commissions “Britain, France and Italy owed the USA $22 billion plus interest”, this is showing that USA was at a very stable place financially even before the 1920s began. When the war ended Woodrow Wilson put forward his 14 Points which included a League of Nations. The League of Nations’ overall aim was to prevent war from breaking out again. America’s congress at the time decided that it would be best for America in the long run not to join the League of Nations because, congress believed that the USA should not interfere in any European or world affairs. Refusal to join the League of Nations made America an isolationist country. When Warren G. Harding won the presidential election and became president in 1921 a political party called the Republicans took over from the Democrats and the American government. 1920s America was known as the ‘Roaring twenties’ because of the entertainment and the crazes sweeping the country. There were lots......

Words: 2565 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

The 1920's

...Did the 1920’s Roar? The 1920’s were an interesting time in history, soldiers were returning home from war and people had a reason to celebrate and thus the decade roared. Many women went back to working out of the home but women became more liberated after experiencing independence of working during the war. Women wanted to work, dress more modern, get educated and have the right to vote. Families reunited and enjoyed sitting around the living room listening to new inventions like the radio and the record player. People had more money and they wanted to have fun and live beyond their means spending money on convenience items like washing machines, sewing machines, and vacuums. Middle class wanted to live like the rich and enjoy luxuries like cars, fine clothes and entertainment like Jazz, movies and gambling. Mass production and advertising was making items more accessible and desirable and everyone was investing their savings on the rising stock market. In many ways the 1920’s were a positive period full of fun and fads and the decade roared but there were also negative events throughout the 1920’s, most notably the 1929 stock market but also political and labour unrest, racial discrimination and the onset of Residential Schools, which made the 20’s, not roar. All the new fads and fashion trends made this period a time for change and growth. Many ladies in the 1920’s wanted to be liberated and challenge the status quo on acceptable dress and conservative hair......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6