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2. What Are the Advantages for Electrolux of Having Individuals from Different Departments and Functional Areas Work Together on Product Design? Describe.

In: Business and Management

Submitted By johnam27
Words 377
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The Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 26:1; 5–16, 2003
c 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

In previous studies it was determined that people were more willing to give to or help another if the victim was identified rather than unidentified. Once the person had some kind of emotional contact with the victim, even just knowing the victim’s name, they person was more willing to help the victim. The author’s hypothesis stated that when a victim is identified, a person will be more likely to help them than if the victim was not identified. It is more likely for a person to help a victim who has already been chosen than to help a victim who has not yet been chosen. The author also hypothesized that a person is more likely to help a victim who’s in a small number category rather than in a large one. For example, 10 out of 12 and 1 out of 1000. The first method the author used was a lab experiment. The individuals were randomly selected and told they would remain anonymous for the experiment, before, during, and after. No one but themselves would know the decisions they would be making. One group was determinate and the other was undeterminate. The second experiment was a field study. Again, the individuals were randomly selected and one group had an identifiable victim while the other group had an unidentifiable victim. The findings were that people are more likely to help a victim when they are identifiable than when they are not. If the person knows any information about the victim, or if the victim has already been selected, a person is more likely to help that victim rather than one that is unidentifiable. A question that remained unanswered was if the person would help the victim if the victim was in the situation because of their own wrongdoings or mistakes. A way to research this would be to randomly select individuals and give them three different scenarios. One scenario would be the victim’s fault, the other would be another parties fault and the third would be a combination of both. The individuals would be given money and asked to decide which scenario gets the money, if any.…...

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