Free Essay

4 Day Work Week Study Dfa

In: Business and Management

Submitted By yanyan0616
Words 2856
Pages 12

A Project Assignment On
A Four Day Foreign Affair Week

In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements
For Quantitative Methods (MSC530M)

Submitted To:
Professor Dennis Berino

Submitted By:
Bruce Borres
Diane Grace Abueg Carumay
Earl Teodoro Escareal


Company Background

• Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)

The DFA is an executive department of the Philippine government tasked to contribute to the enhancement of national security and the protection of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty, participate in the national endeavor of sustaining development and enhancing the Philippines' competitive edge, protect the rights and promote the welfare of Filipinos overseas and mobilize them as partners in national development, project a positive image of the Philippines, as well as increase international understanding of Philippine culture for mutually beneficial relations with other countries.

The history of the Republic of the Philippines (RP) and that of the DFA are intertwined. The important events marking the passage of the years at the Department are also milestones in the rise of the Philippines as an independent nation.

Over one hundred years ago, the DFA had its auspicious beginnings when President Emilio Aguinaldo appointed Apolinario Mabini as the Republic's first Secretary of Foreign Affairs on 23 June 1898, eleven days after the declaration of Philippine independence at Kawit, Cavite. The DFA was among the first government departments created following the establishment of the First Philippine Republic. Realizing the need for international recognition of the new government, Aguinaldo assigned Mabini the difficult task of establishing diplomatic relations with friendly countries.

After the country regained independence from foreign rule and occupation, including full control of foreign affairs and diplomatic matters, on 4 July 1946, Commonwealth Act No. 732 was passed creating the Department of Foreign Affairs. Shortly thereafter, President Manuel Roxas issued on September 16 of that year Executive Order No. 18 providing for the organization and operation of the DFA and the Foreign Service. The main tasks of the DFA then were to assist in post-war rehabilitation, formulate policies for investment promotion, and establish diplomatic relations with other countries.

Realizing the importance of foreign relations, President Elpidio Quirino in June 1952 pushed for the passage of the Foreign Service Act of 1952, embodied in Republic Act No. 708. During the post-war period, the DFA focused on institution building, closer engagement with Asian neighbors, and increasing Philippine global linkages. In 1953, Secretary Raul S. Manglapus instituted the Foreign Affairs Officers examination (now Foreign Service Officers examination) to professionalize the Foreign Service and improve the recruitment and selection of new FSOs.

Throughout the 1970s, the DFA pursued the promotion of trade and investments, played an active role in hosting international meetings, and participated in the meetings of the Non-Aligned Movement. The Foreign Service Institute was created in 1976 to provide in-house training to Foreign Service personnel.

In 1991, President Aquino signed into law the new Foreign Service Act of 1991 (R.A. 7157), which reorganized the Department along geographic lines and strengthened the Foreign Service. It instituted a Career Minister Eligibility Examination as a requirement for promotion of senior FSOs to the rank of Career Ministers, thereby ensuring the professional selection of those who would eventually rise to the level of career ambassadors.

The Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 (R.A. 8042) provided a framework for stronger protection of Filipino workers abroad, with the creation of the Legal Assistance Fund and the Assistance-to-Nationals Fund, and the designation in the DFA of a Legal Assistant for Migrant Workers' Affairs, with the rank of Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs.

To date - with a budget of Php 12.1 for 2014 (per the Department of Budget and Management or DBM) - the DFA provides various consular services such as issuance of passports, Visa and travel cards, as well as authentication and a consular records section. It provide the available services from Mondays through Fridays, from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM. On certain occasions, even on holidays and weekends, depending on the requirement. Its main office is currently situated at 2330 Roxas Boulevard, Pasay City.

• Civil Service Commission (CSC)

Another government agency is the Civil Service Commission (CSC). It is a government agency which deals with civil service matters and conflict resolution, is tasked with the responsibility of overseeing the integrity of government actions and processes. The way it works is similar to that of a human resource (HR) department in corporations, except that it’s for government bodies.

It was formally established under Public Law No. 5 ("An Act for the Establishment and Maintenance of Our Efficient and Honest Civil Service in the Philippine Island") in 1900 by the Second Philippine Commission. A Civil Service Board was created composed of a Chairman, a Secretary and a Chief Examiner. The Board administered civil service examinations and set standards for appointment in government service. It was reorganized into a Bureau in 1905.

The 1935 Philippine Constitution firmly established the merit system as the basis for employment in government. In 1959, Republic Act 2260, otherwise known as the Civil Service Law, was enacted. This Act converted the Bureau of Civil Service into the Civil Service Commission with department status.

In 1975, Presidential Decree No. 807 (The Civil Service Decree of the Philippines) redefined the role of the Commission as the central personnel agency of government. Its present mandate is derived from Article IX-B of the 1987 Constitution which was given effect through Book V of Executive Order No. 292 (The 1987 Administrative Code). The Code essentially reiterates existing principles and policies in the administration of the bureaucracy and recognizes, for the first time, the right of government employees to self-organization and collective negotiations under the framework of the 1987 Constitution.

The Current Situation

As part of its function, the CSC had recently launched M.C. No. 22, s. 2014 or what is known as the adoption of a four (4) day work week in government agencies in Metro Manila. The 4 day work week will allow participating government bodies to shorten the number of days worked from 5 to 4, but lengthening each work day by two (2) hours (ending the day at 7:00 PM) in order to ensure that at least forty (40) hours of work per week is still rendered. Though voluntary, a government body must meet the following requirements before adopting such an option:

• Its front line services may be accessed by the public on line • Has a one stop shop • Has a functional communications center • Has baseline data on the agencies overall performance

All of the above, the DFA has. However, due to the nature of its work, the said schedule may not be suitable. Hence, questions come to mind such as (but not limited to):

• Should the DFA adopt such a change to their work week schedule? • What is the outlook of the company on the matter? • What potential negative effects may such changes have on it? • Is there any advantage to the DFA adopting a 4 day work week?


Initial Analysis

To gain further understanding of this study, an analysis of the following will be done:

• A Trend Analysis of the processing and issuances of passports

The objective is to show how much passports are processed and issued at a given time, being one of the DFA’s primary services, as well as create a reasonable estimate utilizing an applicable and valid forecasting method. It should show the probable number of passport processing and issuance which may be affected should the 4 day work week schedule is implemented by next year (2015).

To do the forecast, the following information will be required:

- Number of passports processed anywhere from a month to a year - A set of years wherein passports have been processed and issued

• An Executive Opinion of the viability of the 4 day work week

The objective is to see if the new work schedule of the 4 day is applicable on the operations of the DFA as a whole, not just on the processing and issuance of passports. Using the information garnered from a more or less reliable or sound forecast may be made.

To do the forecast, the following information will be required:

- A survey to garner input - Inputs from various department heads within the organization

• A SWOT Analysis of the 4 day work week

The objective is to establish the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in having such a work week schedule. Therefore, assisting further in making a conclusion.


With the data gathering complete, the results are as follows for the passports processed and issued for five (5) consecutive years:

Reporting Year: Passports (in millions):

2010 2.4 2011 2.6 2012 2.8 2013 2.7 2014 2.7

As for the executive opinions of each of the department heads, the following results have been garnered:

List of organizational departments and their respective responses:

Office of the Secretary (OSEC) - No Office of the Undersecretary for Administration (OUA) - No Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic Relations (OUIER) - Yes Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant Workers Affairs (OUMWA) - No Office of the Undersecretary for Policy (OUP) - No Office of the Undersecretary for Civilian Security and Consular Concerns (OUSCC) - No


Utilizing the data gathered, the following analysis has been made (for better understanding of both the Trend Analysis and Executive Opinion, see the Appendix):

• Trend Analysis

It can be assumed that, by using a Trend Analysis, about 2.85 million passports can be expected to be processed and issued by the year 2015. As the resulting trend suggests, the amount of passports will increase as the years go by. The estimated increase that can be expected every year is, more or less, two percent (2%) of the prior. Using the said interpretation of the regression line, by the year 2020, about 3.2 million passports can be expected to be processed and issued.

Since the amount of passports to be processed and issued will be increasing for the years to come, it can be concluded that the 4 day work week will not apply, as more time and effort will be required by the DFA to accommodate such.

• Executive Opinion

Five (5) out of six (6) offices responded “No.” Hence, it can also be concluded that most of the processes done by the DFA, as well as its employees will be negatively affected by the change. Only one (1) agreed to the 4 day work week to be applicable since they regularly finish late, mostly undergoing overtime, so having an extra day off would be beneficial.

• SWOT Analysis

- Strengths

Having a 4 day work week, the DFA can expect to lower costs, in terms of utilities, meals and/or transportation. In addition, a change in the schedule of work will also allow for a better redistribution of work between its employees and departments they are with. With a longer weekend, an employee’s performance, engagement and morale will improve, allowing them to have a better work-life balance. Such are the strengths that can be expected from such a move.

- Weaknesses

But it is not without weakness. As the work hours become longer, the employee’s performance, engagement and morale can suffer and degrade, as the stress of working straight long hours takes its toll, most especially when meeting deadlines. It can also significantly reduce the compensation and benefits of the employee since there are only 4 days to work on, hence one absence would result in a significant reduction in pay. The same can be said for saving in costs, as the organization will still work on a 40 hour per week basis. Considering the cumulative negative effects on the employee, the costs can even increase significantly, as opposed to being reduced.

- Opportunities

Yet there are various opportunities which may arise with it. A 4 day work week may contribute to lessening the volume of traffic within the country or, more specifically, Metro Manila. Also, with the DFA being able to reduce costs within its organization means that a reduction in the yearly budget may be made, therefore potentially lowering the country’s spending and help in improving the value of the peso. Another would be the promotion of work life balance outside the organization and set an example for brethren countries within Asia. Last, but not the least, improvements in technology may also make work flow smoother and easier to finish, further strengthening its implementation as costs are even more likely to go down because of such.

- Threats

However, different clients (namely the local and foreign masses) have different needs, as well as schedule adherences and may not agree with the 4 day work week. Also, being a tropical country within the planet’s belt of fire, the environment may not be so forgiving ass storms may come and go, as well as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Accidents, health and criminal can also increase further negative impacts. These are just some of the direct threats which can make a 4 day work week inefficient.


Though the 4 day work week has its benefits, there also are significant ethical considerations that should be addressed before its implementation. These are (but not limited to):

• New schedule scheme affects the whole Filipino population and their businesses, therefore may reduce bank and other partner transactions during non - working day which in effect will decrease cash flow in the market.

• New scheme is contrary to international labor laws, one of which mainly requires that the normal working hours shall not be more than 8 hours to protect the employee.

• If it will be implemented, it may pave way for private sectors to adopt the same system where it could be abused by employers to cut on labor costs. Although the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) earlier announced that work-arrangement could also be voluntarily enforced by companies in the private sector, but on the condition they should seek government permission before its implementation.



Much of the data used in the analysis of the processing and issuance of passports are historical in nature, hence do not represent an assurance of the behavior of the future. As for the method used, only one (1) was utilized - Trend Analysis – and other methods may yield different results. Furthermore, the number of passports to be processed and issued in 2014 is not yet final and that the 2.7 million amount is the estimate by the end of the year. In fact, to support this limitation, the DFA’s estimate for 2015 is at 3.2 million passports.

In reference to the Executive Opinion, the data was mostly based on the inputs and estimates of each department executives and their employees. Hence, leading to the possibility that part of the data gathered may be subjective, instead of being objective in nature. Add to the fact that there is no historical data available for any and/or all government bodies in the Philippines being ever able to put a 4 day work week into effect for a significant period of time.


The proposed 4 day work week is not applicable to the DFA. Considering its relations with other countries and the amount of other work it does in addition to the processing and issuance of passports, shortening the week may not allow it to function efficiently. Even on holidays and weekends, the organization is pushed to work on finishing up remaining tasks such as left over passports, foreign mediation and representation, as well as other consular duties. Not to mention seasonal spikes and drops in tourism and other factors affecting the entry and exit of individuals in the Philippines.


For the determination of the trend, the following guide can be used as a reference:



In addition, further insights upon garnering the opinion of each of the DFA’s department executive were also given (thus helping with forming the conclusion):

• Majority of line offices deals with the public and diplomats daily • Many employees live far from the DFA (e.g. Cavite, Quezon City and Laguna) • Staff would still likely report office on Monday or Friday as their officers will still do so and require such as well, considering that there are deadlines and other tasks to be met • Many employees feel that they don’t have anything to do on the spare day • Some employees are enrolled in schools, seminars and trainings that usually starts at night (e.g. a 6-9:00 PM schedule)


ABS CBN News Channel (
Civil Service Commission (
Department of Budget and Management (
Department Of Foreign Affairs (
GMA News Network (http://www.gmanetwork.comm/news/)
Manila Bulletin (
Manila Times (
Philippine Daily Inquirer (
Philippine Star (
Wikipedia (

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Fund Advisors, 2002 In June of 2002, David Booth faced a dilemma. His firm, Dimensional Fund Advisors (DFA), had in recent times shown stellar performance after going through some relatively rough patches in the late 1990s. Growth was steady and profits strong. Yet, Pensions and Investments ranked DFA a mere 96th in size among investment companies (see Exhibit 1). While DFA had never viewed maximizing assets under management as a goal, the ranking did suggest that it might be possible for DFA to achieve more as a firm than it currently was. Should Booth and DFA continue on the path that had brought them this far? Or was this the time for a major initiative that could catapult DFA to a status among the largest firms in the business? The Company and its Clients DFA was an investment firm based in Santa Monica, California. Founded in 1981 by Booth and Rex Sinquefield, two former students at the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, DFA was dedicated to the principle that the stock market was “efficient”—that is, while over any given period some investors by luck would outperform the market and others would underperform, no one had the ability to consistently pick stocks that would beat the market. Such beliefs were associated with proponents of index funds, and, indeed, Sinquefield had run one of the very first S&P 500 index funds while at another firm. But DFA was not simply an index fund manager. In addition to efficient markets, DFA’s founders believed......

Words: 8100 - Pages: 33

Free Essay


...oversee me all the time. I am very thankful to all my superiors in our office for being such a professional mentor and a virtuous acquaintance at the same time. I would also like to acknowledge my parents for their unwavering love and support as I undertake this summer practicum. They always serve as inspiration in everything that I carry out in life. At the very last, I want to thank God, for allowing me to experience such a wonderful opportunity in my life. His love and guidance is felt and appreciated all the time. 2330 Roxas Boulevard Pasay City Philippines (632) 834-4000 LOCATION MAP Historical Background The history of the Republic of the Philippines and that of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) are intertwined.  The important events marking the...

Words: 6838 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Diabetes in Adolescence

...Running head: CHLAMYDIA Chlamydia Case Study with Questions Chlamydia “The bacterial infection chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI). The Chlamydia bacterium can infect the cervix, fallopian tubes, throat, anus and male urethra”. (Henning, D., Alice, R., Sanci, L., Dunning. T., 2006) Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular organisms from bacteria that now comprise 3 species. “They include the following: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydia pneumoniae.” (Bashour, 2007) It is a kind of bacteria that can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat. Chlamydia is the name of several types of bacteria. One strain occurs primarily in the tropics and causes lymphogranuloma venerum – symptoms include skin lesions and swelling of certain glands in the genital area. According to Kirkland (2006), it is stated that an estimated 2.8 million cases of Chlamydia are reported in the United States each year. It is also mentioned that according to the CDC, there is an increase of more than 60% of Chlamydia cases undiagnosed and untreated. This percentage remains higher among females 15 to 19 and 20 to 24 years of age. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral sex. Chlamydia can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal childbirth. Since Chlamydia is known as a silent disease because about three quarters of infected...

Words: 1624 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Animal Farm

...national interest. Foreign Policy is a “part of the general program of government. It is furthermore an extension of its domestic policy”. The term “system” when used in the context of an organization, implies an entity composed of a set of parts and created to accomplish certain, objectives. The aim of the system is the coordination of human efforts and material resources to produce desired results in a dynamic organization. An organization, as social system, has certain inherent characteristics: 1) it has subsystem and, is part of a suprasystem in continual interaction with one another 2) It has define objectives to accomplish 3) There is an inflow-transformation-outflow cycle of Human and material resources 4) There are performance evaluation measures 5) Management is essential for its operation. FOREIGN POLICY SYSTEM In combining the elements of “Foreign Policy” and the “System Theory” the compound would be produce the concept of what may be termed as “Foreign Policy System” to...

Words: 31291 - Pages: 126

Free Essay

Animal Disease Research Paper

...submitted because they are behaving abnormally. Bats are valuable components of the natural ecosystem and many species are at risk in British Columbia. Other potential hosts of British Columbia include domestic dogs/cats, foxes, raccoons, skunks, wolves and coyotes. " Spill over " of rabies to terrestial mammals from bats has occurred in British Columbia, but rabies has never been maintained in wild populations of terrestrial mammals.       Rabies should be suspected in any wild animal exhibiting any behavior considered " abnormal" including ; loss of fear or unusual friendliness, excitation or aggression, depression, incoordination, paralysis, convulsions or seizures, abnormal vocalizations, appearance of nocturnal creatures during the day, signs of choking or inability to drink or swallow food, drooling of saliva or frothing at the mouth. In Carnivores, evidence of having attacking prcupines. Bats, unlike mammals with rabies, may get sick and die before being observed or showing symptons typically found in other mammals        Intact brain tissue is the key diagnotic tool in confirming rabies infection. If an animal is suspected of having rabies must be destroyed, it is important that it NOT be killed by gunshot to the head- other forms of euthanasia...

Words: 8420 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay


...MSRSAS - Postgraduate Engineering and Management Programme - PEMP Module Code Module Name Course Department EMM515 Lean Operations and Management of Lean Organizations M.Sc. in Engineering and Manufacturing Management Mechanical and Manufacturing Engg . Name of the Student Reg. No Batch Module Leader Liju G BUB0912004 Full-Time 2012. SANDEEP. N M.S.Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies Postgraduate Engineering and Management Programmes(PEMP) #470-P, Peenya Industrial Area, 4th Phase, Peenya, Bengaluru-560 058 Tel; 080 4906 5555, website: POSTGRADUATE ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME – (PEMP) ASSIGNMENT i Declaration Sheet Student Name Reg. No Course Batch Module Code Module Title Module Date Module Leader LIJU G BUB0912004 EMM Full-Time 2012 EMM515 Lean Operations and Management of Lean Organization 13-05-2013 SANDEEP. N to 15-06-2013 Batch Full-Time 2012 . Declaration The assignment submitted herewith is a result of my own investigations and that I have conformed to the guidelines against plagiarism as laid out in the PEMP Student Handbook. All sections of the text and results, which have been obtained from other sources, are fully referenced. I understand that cheating and plagiarism constitute a breach of University regulations and will be dealt with accordingly. Signature of the student Submission date stamp (by ARO) Date 15-06-2013 Signature of the Module Leader and date Signature of Head of the......

Words: 9715 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

Mba Student

...Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs Public Private Partnership Projects in India Compendium of Case Studies c Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs Public Private Partnership Projects in India Compendium of Case Studies December 2010 Public Private Partnership projects in India Compendium of Case Studies © Department of Economic Affairs All rights reserved Published by: PPP Cell, Department of Economic Affairs Ministry of Finance, Government of India New Delhi-110 001, India Disclaimer This Compendium of Case Studies has been prepared as a part of a PPP capacity building programme that is being developed by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India (DEA) with funding support from the World Bank, AusAID South Asia Region Infrastructure for Growth Initiative and the Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF). A consulting consortium, consisting of Economic Consulting Associates Limited (ECA) and CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited (CRIS), commissioned by the World Bank, has prepared this compendium based on extensive external consultations. ECA and CRIS have taken due care and caution in preparing the contents of this compendium. The accuracy, adequacy or completeness of any information contained in this toolkit is not guaranteed and DEA,World Bank, AusAID, PPIAF, ECA or CRIS are not......

Words: 73739 - Pages: 295

Premium Essay

Executive Director

...2008 Lake County Epidemiological Profile  The Consumption and Consequences of Alcohol & Other Drugs in Lake County, Indiana    Produced by the  Lake County Sheriff’s Office, Lake County Prosecutor’s Office & Lake County Drug Free Alliance The Study Was Funded By the State of Indiana Via a Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) State Incentive Grant (SIG) The Grant is Being Administered Under the Supervision of the Co-Chairs, Sheriff Roy Dominguez and Prosecutor, Bernard A. Carter John Ayre Key Jr., Chief of Staff  With Support from   Calumet College of Saint Joseph’s Public Safety Institute  Completed Monday, March 18, 2008                     Our Vision:   A Healthy, Safe and Drug-Free County Encouraging and Enhancing Creativity and Productivity Among All Citizens             Our Mission:   To Eliminate Substance Abuse In Lake County          This document is written for key community stakeholders and policymakers and presents data and analysis to support the development of a county-wide systemic framework and approach to reducing alcohol use and abuse and eliminating drug use in Lake County, Indiana.   This document and the efforts described herein were funded through a Strategic Prevention......

Words: 15653 - Pages: 63

Free Essay

Vnu Catalog

...VINCENNES UNIVERSITY CATALOG Vol. LXIX August, 2010 No. 61 A COMPREHENSIVE TWO-YEAR COLLEGE OFFERING ASSOCIATE DEGREES IN THE LIBERAL ARTS, SCIENCES, EDUCATION, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY AND OFFERING BACCALAUREATE DEGREES IN SPECIALIZED AREAS Accreditation The North Central Association of Colleges and Schools 30 North LaSalle Street, Suite 2400, Chicago, IL 60602 (312) 263-0456 FAX 312-263-7462 Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting American Bar Association American Board of Funeral Service Education American Health Information Management Association Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Educational Programs Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education Federal Aviation Administration Higher Education Coordinating Board of the State of Washington Indiana State Board of Nursing Joint Review Committee on Education In Radiologic Technology National Alliance of Concurrent Enrollment Partnerships National Association of Schools of Art and Design National Association of Schools of Theatre National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission Printing Industries of America, Inc. Approved for Veterans Membership The American Association of Community Colleges Aviation Technician Education Council The Council of North Central Two Year Colleges The Higher Education Transfer Alliance The National Academic Advising Association The North Central......

Words: 107322 - Pages: 430

Free Essay

Childhood Disorders

...Diarrhea / ORT DEFINITION | SIGNS/SYMPTOMS | Most commonly due to acute infectious diarrhea (gastroenteritis) from a variety of causative organismsAntibiotics are a common cause of acute diarrhea! | Acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines caused by viruses, bacteria or their toxins or parasitesPresents commonly with diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.CommunicabilityOften fecal-oral route (especially viruses)Food poisoning (especially bacteria)Day care centers, crowded living conditions, poor sanitation and cleanliness | DIAGNOSTIC TESTS | MAIN TREATMENT | Stool gram stain and culture (if bloody stools)Stool for Ova & Parasites (if hx suggestive)CBC – assess for anemia/infectionUrinalysis and urine culture (r/o UTI)Electrolytes | Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is one of the major worldwide health advances of the last decade:Safer, less painful, and less costly than IV rehydrationOral rehydration solution enhances and promotes reabsorption of H2O and NaReduces vomiting, diarrhea, and duration of illnessORT GuidelinesDiarrhea w/o dehydrationMild dehydrationMod dehydrationSevere dehydrationReplacing ongoing losses | MAJOR TEACHING POINTS | NURSING CONSIDERATIONS | Teach parents at well childcare visits in first yearKeep 24 hour supply of ORT in homeBegin with first sign of diarrheaReplace with ½ cup ORT for each diarrheal stoolSeek medical attention prn signs or dehydrationAfter re-hydration resume breast/formula feeding or normal diet...

Words: 6492 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay


...Army Regulation 600–8–10 Personnel–General Leaves and Passes Rapid Action Revision (RAR) Issue Date: 4 August 2011 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 15 February 2006 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE AR 600–8–10 Leaves and Passes This rapid action revision, dated 4 August 2011-o Implements the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act of 2010 in the area of policy for payment of accrued leave by deleting all references to separation for homosexuality or homosexual conduct (rescinded paras 2-4h(1)(d) and 24h(2)(c)). Makes administrative changes (app A: corrected form title: HHS Form CDC 731; obsolete publication marked). o Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 15 February 2006 *Army Regulation 600–8–10 Effective 15 March 2006 Personnel–General Leaves and Passes States, and the U.S. Army Reserve unless otherwise stated. Proponent and exception authority. The proponent of this regulation is Deputy Chief of Staff, G–1. The proponent has the authority to approve exceptions or waivers to this regulation that are consistent with controlling law and regulation. The proponent may delegate this approval authority, in writing, to a division chief within the proponent agency or its direct reporting unit or field operating agency, in the grade of colonel or the civilian equivalent. Activities may request a waiver to this regulation by providing justification that includes a full analysis of the expected benefits and must include formal review by the......

Words: 59634 - Pages: 239

Free Essay

Innovation and Erp Systems

...leader in Computer Science and Engineering education and research to benefit society globally. MISSION: · · · · To move forward as frontiers of human knowledge to enrich the citizen, the nation, and the world. To excel in research and innovation that discovers new knowledge and enables new technologies and systems. To develop technocrats, entrepreneurs, and business leaders of future who will strive to improve the quality of human life. To create world class computing infrastructure for the enhancement of technical knowledge in field of Computer Science and Engineering. PROGRAMME: B.E. CSE (UG PROGRAMME) PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES: I. Graduates will work as software professional in industry of repute. II. Graduates will pursue higher studies and research in engineering and management disciplines. III. Graduates will work as entrepreneurs by establishing startups to take up projects for societal and environmental cause. PROGRAMME OUTCOMES: A. Ability to effectively apply knowledge of computing, applied sciences and mathematics to computer science & engineering problems. B. Identify, formulate, research literature, and analyze complex computer science & engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences. C. Design solutions for computer science & engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public......

Words: 23989 - Pages: 96

Premium Essay

South African Education System

...S T R AT E G I C P L A N 2007 - 2011 education Department: Education REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Strategic Plan 2007-2011 1 Mrs Naledi Pandor, MP Minister of Education Mr Enver Surty, MP Deputy Minister of Education 2 Mr Duncan Hindle Director - General: Education TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Statement by the Minister of Education 4 2. Legislative mandates 6 3. Vision, mission and values 9 4. Introduction by the Director-General 11 5. Five-year Broad Priorities 12 6. Five-year Branch Plans 15 7. Physical and Financial Asset Acquisition Plans including Information and Communications Technology 77 8. Administration Service Delivery Improvement Plans 83 9. Education Provision Service Delivery Improvement Plans 87 10. 2007/08 Operational Branch Plans 101 11. Statutory bodies 175 12. Structure of the Department 179 3 1. STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION, MRS NALEDI PANDOR, MP In my statement in the 2006 Strategic Plan, I indicated that Education received the largest share of the National Budget. This year Government has once again reaffirmed its commitment to the education system. Building on the transformation successes of the past but also recognizing the huge backlogs that exist in many parts for the system throughout the country, additional funds have been allocated to further address backlogs in the system. This investment......

Words: 38183 - Pages: 153

Premium Essay

Production and Operation Mgt

...Frank Gilbreth) are pioneers of transforming management to scientific domain. Borrows a lot of information from Engineering and Management to give an overall bigger picture of operating and managing any organization. Difference between Operations Management and Research OR relies on mathematical modeling and OM relies on practical scenarios/industrial cases. OR domain and tool of Engineers while OM is considered to be one of the critical tools of Managers. OR considered more powerful to improve the whole system where as OM can be applied to a part of the system. OR relies on mathematical modeling while OM relies on practical scenarios/industrial cases. Why Study OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Operations Management form core of any organization’s senior leadership. What are organizations An organization is a business entity that can work for profit or non profit purposes to generate a value added product or service for its customers. Whether profit or non profit, the role of an OPERATIONS MANAGER is to sustain, protect, and project...

Words: 35376 - Pages: 142

Premium Essay


...Debt Financing July 1994 Debt Financing Warning This workbook is the product of, and copyrighted by, Citibank N.A. It is solely for the internal use of Citibank, N.A., and may not be used for any other purpose. It is unlawful to reproduce the contents of these materials, in whole or in part, by any method, printed, electronic, or otherwise; or to disseminate or sell the same without the prior written consent of the Professional Development Center of Latin America Global Finance and the Citibank Asia Pacific Banking Institute. Please sign your name in the space below. Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction: Course Overview............................................................................. v Course Objectives.......................................................................... vii The Workbook ............................................................................... vii Unit 1: Fundamentals of Debt Financing Introduction ................................................................................... 1-1 Unit Objectives .............................................................................. 1-1 Key Terms..................................................................................... 1-1 What Is Debt Financing?............................................................... 1-2 Sources of Debt Capital ................................................................ 1-3 Debt Markets .................................

Words: 38868 - Pages: 156