Free Essay

4-Mat Review-Mcminn

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By almostdone5
Words 1534
Pages 7
Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling
4-MAT Review

4-MAT Review: McMinn
Summary
Psychology, theology, and spirituality in Christian Counseling written by Mark McMinn (2011) discuss the integration of psychology and spirituality including impacts of such in our daily lives both personally and professionally. According to McMinn (2011) there are three essential categories that must be considered within counseling; psychology, theology, and spirituality. To incorporate the three categories, the book down into further sections including prayer, scripture, sin, confession, forgiveness, and redemption including “what if” sections with descriptions of circumstances and the corresponding results, what works and what doesn’t within the sessions. By beginning with an active and healthy prayer life personally, the counselor is able to pray for the client both inside of and outside of the counseling sessions. McMinn (2011) discusses the importance of ethical issues of using prayer which is the source of growth in spiritual lives, promoting a relationship with God rather than promoting health. According to McMinn (2011) prayer must only be used after consent given and the potential effects considered as some forms of prayer may be detrimental to the client. Scripture use within counseling can be considered a self-help book enabling personality and behavioral changes. McMinn (2011) discusses the use of Scripture to support many forms of cognitive therapy including rational-emotive therapy (RET). These theories are based on what one thinks which is then supported by Bible Scripture and stories. Respect for the interpretation of others must be remembered with the use of Scripture within counseling. McMinn (2011) describes the “chicken or the egg” within Scripture as knowing God through reason thus understanding Scripture or is it the understanding of Scripture that causes us to know God. Sin is viewed as a source of emotional problems itself or that the concept of sin is the problem (McMinn, 2011). The difference is whether sin is considered an internal or external attribution. Are people sick because of personal sin or is it a result of outward influences causing the illness. McMinn (2011) discusses the appropriate situations of silence, pondering, questioning, and direct censure as well as the opposite option of not confronting the sin within counseling. According to McMinn (2011) the situation of the client and the nature of the therapeutic relationship is the variable upon which one would possibly confront or explore the appropriateness of discussing sin. Confession can be a result of the need for repentance and restitution or even as a result of the need for psychological insight and understanding from the counselor (McMinn, 2011). According to McMinn, confession is one of the most important chapters in the book because it speaks to who we are and those that we counsel including the roles we take while interacting with one another. Confession is felt to give people a sense of relief and to ask for forgiveness allowing the person to be released from the sins of their past (McMinn, 2011). However counseling is not meant to get people to confess their sins, rather effective counseling is the result of a positive and therapeutic relationship between the counselor and client that encourages safety enough to tell the truth (McMinn, 2011). Forgiveness is a result of recognizing and grieving over damage done then choosing to release the negative thoughts and emotions directed towards the offender (McMinn, 2011). Often times people mix the need to excuse someone with the action of forgiving. Forgiving someone does not require the offender to be remorseful of to ask for repentance. Excusing is casual and routine and a passive acceptance of the offender and their actions. A client can excuse without ever forgiving the person for their actions. McMinn (2011) also discusses the need to not force forgiveness as a sense of moral obligation and this can be detrimental to the clients. Redemption is the final section discussed as the means of buying back or recovering by paying a price (McMinn, 2011). Redemption is the culmination of all the aspects discussed in this text and is the final goal for all Christians. According to McMinn (2011), redemption is a rich and complex topic that requires an understanding of God’s grace and gratitude. The belief and understanding that sin is what separates us from God and by humbling ourselves we can also God’s transforming mercy (McMinn, 2011).
Concrete Response As a Christian, I believe that every counseling session should begin with prayer, and that we should pray for our clients outside of sessions. I also believe that prayer and the use of Scripture should be dependent on the client and the mutual relationship between the client and the counselor. In reading the section on sin, I was bothered by some of the statements. I have a child with mental illness, and I have been told by pastors that mental illness was a result of sin and that we only needed to pray for the individual. While I do believe that we need to pray for one another, there is still a need for medical intervention and I will not stand by believing that prayer is all that is needed while my child becomes more and more disabled. According to McMinn (2011), sin is an active or passive lack of conformity to the will of God. This does not describe mental illness or any other illness. Sin is part of being human and according to the Bible, a sin is a sin. James 2:10 states that “For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all” (NKJV). While the actions including those of sin can result in disease or trauma, we must remember as a counselor to not judge the person as a sinner. We can only work with a client to promote self-sufficiency and redemption through prayer, reflection, and personal self-awareness by making them feel safe enough to tell the truth and realize the potential of their relationship with God.
Reflection
I enjoyed reading this text and I feel that McMinn (2011) was very comprehensive regarding the different facets of the integration of psychology, theology, and spirituality. Included are the human nature, prayer, scripture, and other topics. I especially appreciated the section on forgiveness, the difference between forgiving, reconciliation, and excusing was enlightening to me. You can excuse with or without the offender showing remorse. True forgiveness requires the person to release the negative emotions and does not require the person to reconcile with the offender or for the offender to offer remorse. While I have always believed that it is a moral duty to forgive, forgiveness also releases the bitterness and anger enabling the person to move forward in their life. In forgiving someone it does not necessarily mean excusing them. I feel that by excusing someone you say that it is ok that the damage has occurred while forgiving them is personal. One question I have is that there was nothing about counseling the mentally ill or incompetent adults or even children. How does one explain sin and forgiveness if they cannot understand the ramifications of their own personal sin? Is there an age limit in which a counselor can relate and even form a therapeutic bond with a child? Children and adolescents are difficult to relate to without the addition of trauma or mental illness and besides prayer at what age could a counselor begin to discuss excusing and forgiveness and the child comprehend the difference. I believe that this is more than the “chicken or the egg” scenario described by McMinn (2011).
Action
I believe that this book should be read more than once and that each time I read this I will learn more. I like that it was broken down into points of prayer, Scripture, sin, forgiveness, and redemption. I especially like the point about forgiveness being different from excusing and believe that forgiveness is personal and true forgiveness can only be reached through prayer and acceptance enabling the person to move forward. In my classroom working as a behavior interventionist, we have the children apologize for their actions against one another. This week it really struck me when a child apologized for hitting me that I was accepting his apology and excusing his behavior, although I did not forgive him. As stated in Matthew 18:21-22, “Then Peter came to Him and said, ‘Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?’ Jesus said to him, ‘I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.” (NKJV). If we expect our Savior to forgive us every time we ask for forgiveness, then we must be able to forgive others in order to move forward. This forgiveness does not mean that we have accepted the deed, only that we can move forward and not be bitter and angry towards the offender. The difference that McMinn (2011) stated between forgiving, excusing, and reconciling with the offender has changed the way I feel and will practice within my daily life.

Reference
McMinn, M. R. (2011). Psychology, theology, and spirituality in Christian counseling (Rev. ed.). Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House.7

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

4- Mat Review 2: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling

...4-Mat Review 4- MAT Review 2: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University Diane Jaynes McMinn, Ph.D., Mark R. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (2011) 4- MAT Review 1: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Summary McMinn used psychology, theology and spirituality in the process of supporting individuals with improving distinctive facets of their lives. For a counselor to be effective, McMinn stated throughout the book that it is very imperative that the therapist be fervent and resilient within their personal piety. (McMinn, 2011) McMinn talks about the numerous defenses therapists need to take and he also discussed limitations that counselors face. It can be perplexing for Counselors to articulate their own spirituality when integrating it into their counseling session (McMinn, 2011). Therapist also feel that sharing their spirituality can also be difficult, for the reason that they may possibly feel unsure about their Bible knowledge (McMinn, 2011). And as a solution therapists will just not use anything from the Bible in their counseling sessions since the counselor surely does not want to muddy the waters any more for the individual or elucidate the meaning contrarily (McMinn, 2011). Guidance has been made available by McMinn to any therapist that desire to increase spirituality within their clients therapy sessions, and at the same time, increase their own spirituality (McMinn, 2011). When integrating......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

4-Mat Review

...4- MAT Review 2: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University Jennifer Hooker McMinn, Ph.D., Mark R. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (2011) 4- MAT Review 1: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Summary McMinn utilized psychology, theology and spirituality in order to assist people in enhancing different aspects of their lives. McMinn made it clear that it is important for the counselor to be strong in their own spirituality, so that they will be able to properly help the client in their process. (McMinn, 2011) McMinn addresses the different precautions counselors should take and also the limitations. Counselors express when it comes to incorporating their own spirituality into their counseling session, it can be challenging, due to the fact that they may not feel that confident about the knowledge they have about the bible. As a result counselors will often omit the use of God’s word in their counseling sessions because they do not want to confuse the client or interpret the message differently. McMinn has provided the guidance for the counselors who wish to strengthen spirituality within the counseling sessions, as well as within themselves. There are many benefits that come with incorporating Christianity into counseling sessions, but some of the main elements that can help to enhance the client’s life are, they can gain a better sense of self, a better understanding of human need and limitations and also...

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mcminn 4mat Review

...Counseling 506: 4 Mat Review McMinn Liberty University Martha J Meek Summary Dr. Mark McMinn (1996) discusses in his book Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling, the importance of combing the three and creating a way that will help the counselor reach the client. His book is broken apart in several different chapters that explain and reflect on religion in the counseling office, psychological, spiritual health, prayer, Scripture, sin, confession, forgiveness, and redemption. McMinn gives scenarios throughout his book on various different situations and what the counselor should do in these situations. Religion in the counseling office is important, but McMinn stresses the importance of consent before using prayer. He states that often the client becomes too dependent on the counselor. The counselor can silently pray for the client outside the office. McMinn states “the question is not how we understand the relationship between psychology and theology but how we practically use the Christian faith in our counseling” (McMinn p. 26). Psychological and spiritual health is very important. McMinn designed a detailed map of spiritual and psychological health. The map gives examples of faulty sense of self by being self-absorbed, and having a lack of self-restraint. There is an example of faulty relationships, where a person can become dependent. There is an example of a faulty awareness of the need to play the victim role. McMinn describes......

Words: 1532 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

4-Mat Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling

...4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University McMinn, Ph.D., Mark R. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (1996) 4 MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Abstract Christian counseling is all about integrating psychology, theology and spirituality into counselor and clients lives. Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling gives insight into how these three perspectives can be used to help individuals identify certain aspects of their lives that might be enhanced when the counselor includes spirituality into their counseling sessions. We also see how important it is for the counselor to be in touch with their own spirituality so that they can lead by example. Many counselors have a hard time addressing their own faith, with their clients. They question whether it is acceptable to talk to their clients about their Christian beliefs. Therefore, many times spirituality will fall by the wayside in the counseling session. McMinn (1996) gives us ways in which the counselor can integrate their spirituality into the counseling sessions and promote Christian guidance, into their clients lives. The goal of the Christian counselor is to promote mental and spiritual growth, so that the client can draw from their faith and look to God for guidance. McMinn (1996) allows us to see that we need a healthy sense of self in order to overcome our obstacles (p. 47). One way we......

Words: 1512 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

4mat Review

...4-MAT Review-McMinn ABSTRACT McMinn, Mark R. Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality In Christian Counseling. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 1996. Dr. Mark McMinn compiles an excellent resource for those who have chosen the path of Christian counseling. It focuses primarily on two important aspects of the Christian counseling field : in counseling sessions and life outside of counseling sessions – namely the counselor’s task and the counselor’s life. He starts his book with a brief section – written with James Wilhoit – that talks about religion in the Counseling office. It informs the counselor of the importance of utilizing the Christian faith in counseling not focusing on the relationship between psychology and theology. It states the challenges that religion brings in counseling sessions and how to handle and address those challenges. In the section, Toward Psychological and Spiritual Health, McMinn directs his focus to the different characteristics of a person’s life. He suggests that Christian counseling strengthens three areas of a person’s life: sense of self, an awareness of human need and limitations, and confiding interpersonal relationships with God and others. Each chapter is outlined in a very teachable format. The chapters have sections to address the challenges the counselor faces, psychological and spiritual health focus points, and also expected results by each foundational element of counseling – psychological, theological, and......

Words: 1362 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Mat Review

...4 Mat Review 1: Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Roberto C. Piscoya Liberty University Summary The book Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark R. McMinn is a synopsis of several approaches in counseling sessions and how patients deal with their everyday life after each session, in order to create a more accurate description of how counseling actually affects the life of each patient. One of the main topics of the text deals with how essential it is for counselor to be conscious of their own personal spiritual life and how knowledgeable they are. This reminds me of the quote that says "You must love yourself before you can love others" since you cannot help others unless you yourself are prepared for the task mentally, physically and spiritually. One crucial component McMinn (1996) explains in the text about counselor-patient relationship is trust. Once the patient begins to trust the counselor that is when real progress is made. It makes sense because most people are not willing to talk to strangers about their problems, but they would be able to open up to someone they trust and feel safe with. In order for counselor's to reach this important milestone in patient-counselor relationship they must create a safe haven for the patient in which they do not feel judged or looked down upon. The author explains how important is to confront a client hand to hand with trusting in order to get a successful relation......

Words: 1339 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

4-Mat Review; Leming and Dickinson

...4-Mat Review; Leming and Dickinson Laura Romine Liberty University Abstract Authors Leming and Dickinson (2011) bring the discussion of death, dying and bereavement into the 21st century. Focusing the reader’s attention with a renewed perspective in thanatology, authors help redefine, perpetuate conversation, and add relevance to the topic harmoniously. Orienting the reader to individualistic theories that reach beyond universal attentions, Leming and Dickinson (2011) guide the discussion into a new era of defining a natural, yet, unavoidable topic. A re-education of sorts, thanatology is revived in accordance to contemporary day and time. Keywords: spirituality, death, dying, bereavement, suicide 4-Mat Review; Leming and Dickinson Leming & Dickinson (2011), pen about the manner of dying, death and bereavement supported by research and contemporary social theories. Emphasizing experiential knowledge which reinforces concepts of death, dying, and bereavement, a social-psychological tactic was employed throughout the four chapters. Life span comparisons expanded the reader’s perspective. Not to leave out other approaches, concepts are advanced through biological, philosophical and anthropological edifications as well. These systems reveal the interactivity of behavior and subjectivity within the subject matter. Summary Chapter one develops death and dying through the lens of human development and educational theories. Approaching death and dying by means......

Words: 2453 - Pages: 10